Kanchi N. Gandhi

Gustavo Romero in the field
  • Senior Nomenclatural Registrar
  • Contact

Research Interests:

My interests are in the areas of plant nomenclature, plant morphology, and plant taxonomy. I am currently working on the International Plant Name Index, the HUH lookup tables, and Flora of North America project.

Associated Activities:

  • Editor, International Plant Name Index
  • Nomenclature Editor, Flora of North America
  • Collaborator, Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum)
  • Member, Committee for the Vascular Plants, International Association for Plant Taxonomy
  • Associate Editor, journal Rhodora
  • Nomenclature Consultant, journal Novon
  • Ex-President, New England Botanical Club, Inc.
  • Associate Nomenclature Editor, Taxon, International Journal of Plant Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Evolution

General Interests:

Vascular Plant Systematics, Plant Morphology, Plant Geography, Plant Nomenclature

Current Projects:

  • Indexing Vascular Plant Names of the New World;
  • Updating Database Files on Authors, Collectors & Publications;
  • Analyzing Nomenclatural Problems for the Old and New Worlds;
  • Bibliography of Vascular Plant Names

American Society of Plant Taxonomists (2010): Distinguished Service Award

  • Presented to Kanchi N. Gandhi by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists on 3 August 2010 in recognition of distinguished service to the botanical community. Prunus virginiana L. (Choke cherry); hand-colored lithograph Cerasus virginiana [Rosaceae] by Isaac Sprague. Published in: Plates prepared between the years 1849 and 1859, to accompany a report on the forest trees of North America By Asa Gray, Page 23; Color Plate 34 Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1891, in the collection of The Joseph F. Cullman 3rd Library of Natural History Smithsonian Institution Libraries. Printed from the scan of the original hand-colored lithograph By James DiLoreto Science Center for Imaging and Photography National Museum of Natural History

Lectures in India

During December 2012-January 2013, Gandhi gave botany-/environment-related talks organized by: Prof. N. Usha Devi (M.L.A. First Grade College for Women, Bangalore), Prof. Janarthanam Malapati (University of Goa), Prof. Suchandra Dutta (The National College, Mumbai), Prof. Shrirang R. Yadav (Shivaji University, Kolhapur), Mrs. Rajalakshmi Prasad (Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Kolar), Drs. Paramjit Singh & P. Lakshminarasimhan (Central National Herbarium, Botanical Survey of India, Howrah), Prof. Noor Fatima (Government Ramnarayan Chellaram College of Commerce, Bangalore), and Prof. H. V. Anil Kumar (D.V.S. College of Arts and Science, Shimoga & PES Institute of Technology and Management, Shimoga).

Course Director - Plant Nomenclature - January 11-13, 2013 - Kolkata, India

  • Dr. Kanchi N. Gandhi, Senior Nomenclatural Registrar of the Harvard University Herbaria, was invited to serve as the Course Director for a Botanical Nomenclature Course workshop. It was jointly organized by the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) and Environmental Information System, of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, and was held on 11th-13th January 2013 at Kolkata, India. The workshop was first of its kind held in India . The focus of the workshop was on the recently published International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code). More than 90 people from different academic and research institutions of India attended the workshop. Dr. Paramjit Singh, Director (BSI), was the Convener; and Dr. P. Lakshminarasimhan, Scientist (BSI), was the Coordinator. The BSI botanist late Dr. Mithilesh K. Pathak was helpful in organizing the workshop.

  • On the inaugural day, Lakshminarasimhan welcomed the gathering and outlined the course program. His talk was followed by two lectures, viz., 1) The importance of Botanical Nomenclature by Prof. P. K. Mukherjee (Calcutta University) and 2) Taxonomy and Global Strategy for Plant Conservation by Dr. D. K. Singh (Scientist ‘F’, BSI). Two lectures were given by Mr. R. L. Mitra [Ex-Scientist, BSI], viz., 1) Scientific names of plants-some facts and misconceptions (on 11th January) and 2) Type concept and nomenclatural problems (on 12th January).

  • Gandhi’s lectures were spread over the three days, and he covered the following topics, viz., 1) An historical overview of the botanical nomenclature from Linnaeus to the Melbourne Code; 2) Review of the physical structure of the Melbourne Code; 3) Preamble, Ranks and Names of Taxa, and Effective Publication appropriate Articles 1 – 28); 4) Validity of Names Part I (Articles 32 – 45); 5) Validity of Names Part II; 6) Authorship Citation (Articles 46-50); 7) Rejection of Names (Articles 51-60) and 8) Anamorphic fungal and hybrid names.

  • In the concluding function on 13th January, there was a lecture by Dr. Paramjit Singh on “Floristic Diversity in India: An overview.” After his talk, certificates were distributed to all the participants. Valedictory remarks were delivered by: Drs. R. K. Chakraverty (Ex-Additional Director, BSI), Kanchi N. Gandhi, P. Lakshminarasimhan, G. G. Maity (Ex-Professor, Kalyani University), N. D. Paria (Calcutta University), D. K. Singh, and Paramjit Singh.

Selected Publications:


  • Graham, S. A. & Gandhi, K. N. Nomenclatural changes resulting from the transfer of Nesaea and Hionanthera to Ammannia (Lythraceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 18(1): 000-000
  • Tucker, G. C. & Gandhi, K. N. Nomenclatural Notes on Neotropical Cyperus (Cyperaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 18(1): 000-000
  • Reveal, J. L. & Gandhi, K.N. Proposal to conserve the name Carex interior against C. scirpoides (Cyperaceae). Taxon 62(2): 403-404.
  • Reveal, J. L., Gandhi, K. N. & Zona, S. Proposals to reject the names Chamaerops glabra (Sabaglabra) and Sabal blackburnea with a comment on the nomenclatural status of S. umbraculifera (Arecaceae). Taxon 62: 000-000.
  • 2012

  • Gandhi, K. N. Rubus kasthuriae, a new name for R. Fulvus (Rosaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 17(1): 51.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Ormerod, P. A new combination in Dithrix (Orchidaceae). Phytoneuron 2012-61: 1–3.
  • Gandhi, K. N., Wiersema, J. H., Brouillet, L. Validation of the name Wolffia borealis (Lemnaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 17(1): 47-50.
  • Gandhi, K. N., Reveal, J. L. & Zarucchi, J. L.. 2012. Nomenclatural and taxonomic analysis of Convallaria majalis, C. majuscula, and C. montana (Ruscaceae/Liliaceae). Phytoneuron 2012-17: 1–4.
  • Reveal, J.L. & Gandhi, K. N. Proposal to reject the name Eriogonum cordatum (Polygonaceae). Taxon 61(4): 883.
  • Semple, J.C. & Gandhi, K. N.. 2012. Neotypification of Solidago buckleyi (Asteraceae: Astereae) and observations on its distribution. Phytoneuron 2012-111: 1-5.
  • 2011

  • Gandhi, K.N., Vincent, M. A. & Reveal, J. L. 2011. Dermatophyllum, the correct name for Calia (Fabaceae). Phytoneuron 2011-57: 1–4.
  • Weakley, A. S., LeBlond, R. J., Sorrie B. A., Witsell, C. T., Estes, L. D., Gandhi, K. N., Matthews, K. G., & Ebihara, A. New Combinations, Rank Changes, and Nomenclatural and Taxonomic Comments in the Vascular Flora of the Southestern United States. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5(2): 437-55.
  • Previous years

  • Gandhi, K. N. & Zarucchi, J. L. 2010: Lectotypification of Geum aleppicum var. strictum Fernald (Rosaceae) Harvard Pap. Bot. 15(1): 189-190. 2010.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Reveal, J. L. 2010: Twenty four proposals to amend the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Taxon 59(6): 000-000.
  • McNeill, J., Wiersema, J. H. & Gandhi, K. N. 2010. The complex nomenclature of Panicum sect. or subg. Agrostoidea and of P. agrostoides. Taxon 59(5): 1581-1584.
  • Gandhi, K. N., Reveal, J. L. & Brouillet, L. 2009: Proposal to conserve the names Prunus serotina and P. virginiana (Rosaceae) with conserved types. Taxon 58: 312-314.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Zarucchi, J. L. 2009: Validation of Rhododendron minus var. chapmanii (Ericaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 14(1): 1.
  • Reveal, J. L., Gandhi, K. N. & Wiersema, J. W. 2009: Proposal to conserve the name Thaspium (Umbelliferae/Apiaceae). Taxon 58(3): 14.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Shrestha, U. B. 2008: Iseilema hackelii, A New Name for I. laxum Hack. 1889 (Poaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 13(2): 295-296.
  • Weakley, A. S. & Gandhi, K. N. 2008: Recognition of three taxa of eastern North American "WALDSTEINIA" and their appropriate names when incorporated into Geum (Colurieae: Rosaceae). J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2(1): 415-418.
  • Peters, M. D., Gandhi, K. N. & Ormerod, P. 2007: The Typification of Cypripedium franchetii (Orchidaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 12(2): 483-484.
  • Gandhi, K. N. 2006. Proposal to conserve the name Adenophyllum (Asteraceae). . Taxon 55(2): 533-534.
  • Gandhi, K. N. 2006. Proposal to conserve the name Picradeniopsis (Asteraceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 55(1): 233-234.
  • Turner, I. M. & Gandhi, K. N. 2005. A correction in Cleistocalyx (Myrtaceae). Gard. Bull. Singapore 57: 25-27
  • Reveal, J. L., Gandhi, K. N. & Nicolson, D. H. 2004: The demise of the name Astragalus tenellus Pursh (Fabaceae). Taxon 53(4): 1055-1058.
  • Semple, J. C. & Gandhi, K. N. 2004. Solidago sect. Ptarmicoides, a new combination to replace a "rankles" name used by Torrey and A. Gray (Asteraceae: Astereae). Sida 21(2): 755-757.
  • Gandhi, K. N., Young, S. M. & Somers, P. 2003. A Reassement of the Taxonomy of Liatris borealis Nutt. ex J. McNab and Lacinaria scariosa var. novae-angliae Lunell (Asteraceae). Taxon 52(2): 313-318.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Padayatty, S. J. 2002. Nomenclature in Indian plant taxonomy. Pp. 291-304. In: A. P. Das (ed.), Perspectives of Plant Biodiversity. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh Publishers, Dehra Dun, India. 768 pages.
  • Gandhi, K. N., Wiersema, J. H. & Soreng, R. J. 2001. Proposal to conserve the name Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Griffiths against B. gracilis Vasey (Poaceae). Taxon 50(2): 573-575.
  • Gandhi, K. N. 1999. Nomenclatural novelties for the Western Hemisphere Plants-II. Harvard Pap. Bot. 4(1): 295-299.
  • Gandhi, K. N. 1996 Nomenclatural Novelties for the Western Hemisphere Plants - I. Harvard Pap. Bot.8: 63-65.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Smeins, F. E. 1996. Four new combinations and one neotypification in Schizachyrium (Poaceae). Harvard Pap. Bot. 8: 67-68.
  • Kartesz, J. T. & Gandhi, K. N. 1995. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora - XIV. Phytologia 78: 1-17.
  • Dutton, B. E., Reveal, J. L. Keener, C. S. & Gandhi, K. N. 1995. Proposal to conserve the orthography of Anemone narcissiflora L Taxon 44: 421-422.
  • Kartesz, J. T. & Gandhi, K. N. 1994: Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora - XIII. Phytologia 76: 441-457.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Dutton, B. E. 1993. Erianthus giganteus (Walt.) P. Beauv.: The Correct name in Erianthus for Anthoxanthum giganteum Walt. Taxon 42: 855-856..
  • Kartesz, J. T. & Gandhi, K. N. 1992. Nomenclatural notes for the North American flora - IX. Phytologia 72: 17-30.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Thomas, R. D. 1991. Additions and corrections to the Asteraceae of Louisiana. Sida 14(3): 514-517.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Fryxell, P. A. 1990. Nomenclatural note on Eupatorium fistulosum (Asteraceae). Sida 14: 129-131.
  • Hatch, S. L., Gandhi, K. N. & Brown, L. E. 1990. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Texas. Texas Agricultural Communication, Misc. Pub. 1655. 157 pages.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Thomas, R. D. 1989. Asteraceae of Louisiana. Sida Botanical Miscellany No. 4. 285 pages.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Hatch, S. L. 1988. Nomenclatural changes in Acalypha (Euphorbiaceae) and Chamaecrista (Fabaceae). Sida 13: 122 123.
  • Gandhi, K. N., Thomas, R. D. & Hatch, S. L. 1987. Cuscutaceae of Louisiana. Sida 12: 361 379
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Thomas, R. D. 1984. The Anthemideae and Senecioneae (Asteraceae) of Louisiana. Phytologia 56: 199 248.
  • Gandhi, K. N. & Thomas, R. D. 1983. Variations in the floral structures of Cuscuta L. Phytologia 53: 184 186.
  • Saldanha, C. J. & Nicolson, D. H. (eds.). 1976. Flora of Hassan District, Karnataka, India. With contributions by ... K. N. Gandhi ... Published for the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington DC. by Amerind Publishing Co., Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi (India). 915 pages.