Harvard University Herbaria

Herbarium and Field Studies

Our monographic studies will take into account collections already available in major herbaria as well as collections obtained through our own field studies. The PI has collected many specimens of the Sarcoscyphineae and the genus Phillipsia, and he has received material for study and identification from all over the world. These collections are in the Farlow Herbarium along with those which have been deposited over a number of years by other workers. Collections of historical importance that are located in the Farlow are those of N. T. Patouillard, portions of collections studied by M. J. Berkeley in the M. A. Curtis Herbarium, and certain other tropical and temperate collections by R. Thaxter, D. H. Linder, F. von Höhnel and R. Singer. The PI has visited many herbaria and has taken detailed notes on collections (some of which has now been entered in DELTA, see "Dissemination of Results"). Important among these collections are the Royal Botanic Garden Kew (K) where he studied many specimens during a sabbatical leave in 1985 and the Laboratoire de Cryptogamie in Paris (PC), Cornell University (CUP), the New York Botanical Garden (NY), and the National Fungus Collection (BPI). It is estimated that these large collections contain about 1,500 specimens. Certain other herbaria will be consulted, particularly those containing research collections of Sarcoscyphineae such as OSU where W. C. Denison's collections are located. Other collections will be consulted for regionally common fungi, such as West Coast U. S. herbaria for Pseudopithyella minuscula which has only been collected west of the Rocky mountains in the Continental U.S. but is known from the Mediterranean and Bermuda.

All specimens collected in this study, including vouchers of all of those used for molecular or morphological studies, will be deposited in the general fungus herbarium of the Farlow Herbarium. The P.I. is the Curator of the Farlow Herbarium and, with the curatorial staff, manages the collections in accordance with current standards.

Some field studies will be carried out in cooperation with Dr. Teressa Iturriaga from the Universidad Simon Bolivar in Venezuela; a formal agreement with Venezuelan officials is appended ("Supplementary Documentation"). Where appropriate, other areas will be collected. For example, Wolfina aurantiopsis (Ellis) Eckblad (the only species of the genus Wolfina) is known from a few collections in the Southeastern United States. Further field studies are needed to determine its distribution and to attempt with fresh material to grow the fungus in culture. Likewise it will be important to collect Phillipsia domingensis in Florida and the Gulf States. A few collections referred to this species from Florida and Lousiana are present in FH but detailed field studies are needed to document its occurrence and allow for cultural studies which might help resolve the ambiguities about the species in this complex.