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Eliza B. Blackford's Original Watercolor Paintings of Flowers
From the Archives of the Gray Herbarium

 

Eliza Beulah Blackford was born Eliza Larsh in Eaton, Ohio. Little is known about her early years, even her birth date is a matter of some confusion. It appears as 1847, 1849, and even 1855 depending on the source although it was most likely 1849.(1) Blackford was educated in the Ohio public school system and held an "inborn love of all nature from childhood" (2). Her interest in the natural world led her to spend much time outdoors, collecting and painting the plants she found there.

Blackford was "of Quaker stock" (3) and married a schoolmate who was called to the ministry. They moved to the Boston area sometime in the early 1890s and she enrolled in The School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston in 1895. This school, then less than twenty years old, was one of the most distinguished art schools in the United States. Here she studied drawing and painting in what she described as a "busy five year course." (4) Upon graduation she had pupils of her own and briefly served as a substitute teacher at the school. (5) In September 1901 Blackford joined the staff of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston as Assistant in the Ticket Office. It is interesting that, after 1918, the Museum stopped charging admission but her title remained the same. Her exact duties are unclear although orienting visitors was probably involved and she sometimes sold postcards and photographs to visitors. (6 & 7) According to a 1924-1925 staff list she was still employed and her salary was $15 per week (about $190 in adjusted dollars), more than that of the MFA secretaries and equal to the porters. (8) She retired from the Museum after twenty-five years of service.

Blackford was one of the first women to join the Boston Mycological Club in 1895 and was very interested in studying fungi, dedicating most of her free time to collecting and painting fungi. Some of the places where she collected fungi in Massachusetts were in the Back Bay, Middlesex Fells, Natick, Cohasset, Ellis and the Fenway- places where many of the vascular plants she used as subjects for her watercolors were also found. More information about Blackford's fungi collection can be found here.

In 1933 William "Cap" Weston (1890-1978) was a member of a committee administering the Farlow. He contacted Blackford in regard to the disposition of her artwork. He writes, "It would indeed be a very valuable acquisition if we could secure this collection of your illustrations...Is there any possibility that you might give this collection to the Farlow Herbarium? I assure you it would receive the most excellent care and would comprise a valuable collection that would be kept available for the use of interested workers for all time". 9) Blackford was interested and quickly responded. She asked however that the Farlow also accept her correspondence, spore prints, specimens, "these things have lived together so long it seems to me they ought not be separated". (10) Weston agreed and after her death on January 25, 1935 her collection came to Harvard.

Amongst the 605 watercolors of fungi, included in her gift were these paintings of 217 vascular plants. They date from 1880 to 1933, but the majority were painted from 1915-1926. These plants were located mostly in Massachusetts, but also in New Hampshire and Ohio. There is no indication of whether or not Blackford actually collected these specimens or if she just painted them. The paintings vary in size and technique, and many lack information about the name, location and/or date of the plant.

Eliza B. Blackford died on January 25, 1935 at the age of 87. A small service was held for her Boston friends and then and after a service in Boston was buried in the Mound Hill Cemetery, Eaton, Ohio on January 31, 1935 in section 7, lot 518.

(1) A Union City Newspaper obituary lists her birthdate as 1847, The Boston Globe obituary lists it as 1855, and other articles list it as 1849. Her family bible also lists it as 1849.
(2) draft of a letter from E.B.B. to H. Fitzpatrick, 10 Nov 1934 (Blackford Papers)
(3 & 4) Obit The Boston Globe
(5) Letter from Sarah Pierce (Farlow Library B B628p)
(6) Archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
(7) Catchall. Boston Herald 1931 (Blackford Papers)
(8) Archives of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
(9) letter from W.H. Weston to E.B.B. 13 March 1933 (Blackford Papers)
(10) letter from E.B.B. to W.H. Weston, 31 March 1933 (Blackford Papers)


Folder 1: Araceae


Arisaema triphyllum

Name:Arisaema triphyllum(Jack-in-the-Pulpit)

Name: Calla palustris L.
Date: May 30th, 1921
Location: Natick
Notes: Initialed by Blackford

Name: Arisaema triphyllum ( Indian Turnip, Jack-in-the-Pulpit)
Date: Oct. 1915
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Peltandra virginica Knuth. (Arrow arum)
Date: June 1915
Location: Saxonville, Mass
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 2: Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)


Epilobium angustifolium

Name: Evening Primrose ?
Date: July 1917
Location: Oak Island

Name: Epilobium angustifolium (Fireweed, Great Willow-herb)
Date: Aug 11, 1917
Location: Revere Marshes

Name: Epilobium coloratum
Date: July 3rd 1915
Location: Oak Island
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Epilobium hirsutum (Hairy Willowherb)
Date: July 18, 1915
Location: Revere Beach
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Oenothera biennis (Common Evening Primrose)
Date: Aug. 1915
Location: Eaton
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Oenothera perennis (Sundrops)
Date: Aug 24, 1915
Location: Pequawket, NH.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 3: Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)


Veronica scutellaria

Name: Purple Gerardia
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Pedicularis canadensis (Wood Betony)
Date: May 8th, 1916
Location: Echo Bridge

Name: Chelone glabra (Turtle Head)
Date: Sept 14, 1926
Location: Norumbega

Name: Gerardia pedicularia (Fern-leaved false foxglove)
Location: Stony Brook Res.
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Sketch.

Name: Penstemon (Beard-Tongue)
Date: June 1921
Location: Wachusett: Miss Doolittle
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Veronica scutellaria (Marsh Speedwell)
Notes: Also noted as V. angallis L. (Water Speedwell)

Folder 4: Asterceae/Compositae (Aster, Daisy, Sunflower family)


Cirsium lanceolatum

Name: Eutrochium purpureum
Date: August 1926
Location: Middlesex Fells

Name: Eutrochium (Joe Pye)
Date: Aug. 1927
Location: Fells

Name: Liatris (Tall Blazing Star, Button Snake Root)
Date: August
Location: Children's Show
Notes: 'Matthews page 470'

Name: New England Aster
Date: 1927

Name: Petasites hybridus (Butter-bur)
Date: March 27, 1921
Location: Butterfly Dock. Fenway.
Notes: Signed by Blackford. There is a small ink sketch on the back of the plate.

Name: Senecio aureus (Golden Ragwort)
Date: June 13, 1915
Location: Blue Hill
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Matricaria inodora L. (Wild Chamomile)
Date: August 17, 1926
Location: South Boston Flats
Notes: Naturalized from Europe

Name: Sonchus asper L. (Sow Thistle, Spring-leaved Sow)
Date: August 10, 1926
Location: South Boston Flats
Notes: Naturalized from Europe

Name: Cirsium lanceolatum (Common Thistle)
Location: Eaton, Ohio
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Hieracium venosum (Rattlesnake weed)
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 5: Asteraceae/Compositae (Aster, Daisy, Sunflower Family)


Anthemis cotula

Name: Aster
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Centaurea nigra? L. (Spanish Buttons, Knapweed, Star Thistle)
Date: Summer 1927
Location: Middlesex Fells

Name: Anthemis cotula L. (Chamomile, Mayweed)
Location: Eaton, Ohio
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Cichorium intybus (Chicory)
Date: July 24, 1915
Location: Back Bay, Boston Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Rudbeckia triloba? (Cone Flower)
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Sketch.

Name: Erigeron (Robin's Plantain)
Date: May 31, 1915
Location: Nobscot
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Centaurea jacea?
Date: November 6, 1915
Location: Ipswich
Notes: Blackford noted:'Named from the Centaur, Chiron, famous for his skill in healing. -Gray'

Name: Veronica? (Ironweed)
Name: Golden-rod

Name: Bidens laevis?

Name: Hawkweed?
Notes: Stem hollow. Milky. Very bitter.

Name: Rudbeckia hirta (Cone-flower, Blackeyed Susan)
Date: June-Aug.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Unknown.
Date: Unknown.
Location: Unknown
Notes: Looks like a Rudbeckia hirta.

Folder 6: Ericaceae (Heath Family)


Andromeda polifolia

Name: Monotropa hypopitys (False beechdrops, Pine-sap)
Date: June-Sept.
Notes: Signed by Blackford
'Matthews says color tawny, reddish.'

Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Bearberry)
Date: May 2, 1931
Location: Winchester, Mass.
Notes: Initialed by Blackford

Name: Chimaphila umbellata (Prince's Pine, Pipsissewa)
Date: Dec. 19, 1915
Location: Ellis, Mass.

Name: Monotropa uniflora (Indian Pipe, Corpse Plant)
Date: July 1926

Name: Rhododendron
Notes: Copy?

Name: Rhodora

Name: Cranberry

Name: Ledum latifolium? L. (Labrador Tea)
Date: Aug 24, 1915
Location: Pequawket, N.H.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Andromeda polifolia L.
Date: 1919
Location: Lost Pond
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Chimaphila maculata Pursh. (Spotted Wintergreen)
Date: Nov. 1915

Name: Gaultheria procumbens (Wintergreen, Checkerberry)
Date: Nov. 14th, 1915
Location: Ellis, Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Kalmia latifolia L. (American Laurel, Calico-bush, Mountain Laurel, Spoon-wood)
Date: June 1915

Name: Epigaea repens (Trailing Arbutus, Ground Laurel)
Date: April-May
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 7: Miscellaneous Ericales- Primulaceae (Primrose Family), Lythraceae,
Cletharceae, and Sarraceulaceae (Pitcher Plant Family)


Sarracenia purpurea

Name: Lythraceae (Loosestrife Family) Lythrum salicaria (Purple or Spiked Loose-strife)
Date: August 25, 1917
Location: Norumbega

Name: Primulaceae (Primrose Family) Lysimachia thyrsiflora L. (Tuffed Loosestrife)
Location: Chestnut Hill, Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Primulaceae (Primrose Family) Steironema ciliatum (Fringed Loosestrife)
Date: Aug. 5, 1915
Location: Eaton
Notes: Signed by Blackford
Additional sketch located on the back of the plate.

Name: Lythraceae (Loosestrife Family) Decodon verticillatus (Swamp Loosestrife)
Date: Aug 23, 1917
Location: Norumbega, Mass.

Name: Sarraceulaceae (Pitcher Plant Family) Sarracenia purpurea (Pitcher Plant)
Date: November 1915
Location: Natick Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford
Additional sketch of Squirrel Corn ( Dicentra canadensis) on the back of the plate.

Name: Sarraceulaceae (Pitcher Plant Family) Sarracenia purpurea (Pitcher Plant)
Date: June 1930
Location: Lost Pond

Name: Clethraceae Clethra alnifolia L. (Sweet Pepperbush)
Date: August 1927
Location: Chestnut Hill

Name: Primulaceae (Primrose Family) Hottonia inflata Ell. (Featherfoil, Water Violet)
Location: Lynn Floating Bridge
Notes: Signed by Blackford
Blackford noted: 'Named for Peter Hatton. Botanist of Leyden'.

Folder 8: Violaceae Family


Viola conspersa and Viola palustris

Name: Viola palustris? (on right)
Name: Viola conspersa (on left)
Date: 1926
Location: Ellis Mass
Notes: Blackford noted that she thought the Violet palustris was V. Muhlenbergii
Also included was the additon of a note by, Lily V. Tobey stating, "the two plants
which caused so much excitement in botanic circles were: Viola conspersa, and viola palustris
(This latter one was the one in flower)".

Name: Viola cucullata?
Date: May 30, 1915
Location: Ellis

Name: Violaceae. Violet Family
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 9: Ranunculaceae (Buttercup, Crowfoot Family)


Baneberry

Name: Baneberry

Name: Ranunculus bulbosus (Bulbous Buttercup)
Date: May 31, 1921
Location: Natick Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford
Sepals reflexed

Name: Ranunculus cymbalariaPursh. (Sea-side Crowfoot)
Date: July 17, 1915
Location: Revere marshes
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Actaea alba L. (White baneberry)
Date: 1926
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 10: Fabaceae/Leguminosae (Legume, Pea, Bean, Pulse Family)


Genista tinctoria L.

Name: Baptisia tinctoria R. Br. (Wild Indigo)
Date: July 1914
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Coronilla varia?
Location: Fenway. Back Bay
Notes: Signed by Blackford
Naturalized from Europe

Name: Genista tinctoria L. (Dyer's Greenweed, Woad Waxen)
Date: July 18, 1915
Location: Lynn- Salem
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Apios boerhaave (Groundnut, Wild Bean)
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Thermopsis montana? (Yellow Lupin)
Date: May 15, 1921
Location: Natick
Notes: Initialed by Blackford
Contains an additonal sketch on the back as well as an attached note describing the plant in detail.

Name: Lathyrus palustris (Beach Pea)
Date: July 3, 1915
Location: Oak Island
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Lupinus perennis L. (Wild Lupine)
Date: June 1915
Location: Saxonville
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Vicia cracca (Cow Vetch)
Date: June 1915
Location: Ellis Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: L. maritimus Bigelow (Beach Pea)
Date: May 24, 1915
Location: Marblehead Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 11: Liliaceae (Lily Family)


Trillium undulatum

Name: Maianthemum racemosum (Solomon's Seal)
Date: Oct. 1915
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Trillium undulatum (Painted Trillium)
Date: May 14 1916
Location: Ellis Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Lilium superbum L. (Turk's Cap Lily)
Location: Ellis Mass.?
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Clintonia borealis
Notes: Signed by Blackford
Additonal sketch of a Anemone is on the back and noted by Blackford that she had 'no time to finish'.

Name: Smilax rotundifolia (Common Greenbrier, Horse Brier, Cat Brier)
Date: Oct 3, 1915
Location: Saxonville
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Erythronium americanum (Dog Tooth Violet, Yellow Adder's Tongue)
Date: April 19, 1916
Location: Forest Hills
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Polygonatum biflorum (Solomon's Seal)
Date: May 22, 1927
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Trillium grandiflorum L. (Wake Robin, Birthroot)
Date: May 13, 1916
Location: Salisbury N.H.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Maianthemum canadense Desf.
Date: June 3, 1916
Location: Stony Brook reservation
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Lilium philadelphicum (Red Lily, Wood Lily, Philadelphia Lily)
Date: July 18, 1915
Location: Lynn Woods
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Clintonia borealis (Ait.) Raf.
Location: Ellis Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Trillium cernuum (Nodding Trillium, Wake Robin, Birth-root)
Date: May 14, 1916
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Clintonia borealis Raf.
Location: Ellis Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Smilacina stellata (False Solomon's Seal)
Date: Wells Beach, ME.
Location: Sept. 26, 1915
Notes: Signed by Blackford
Sent by Miss Florence Gay

Name: Medeola virginiana (Indian Cucumber)
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Smilax herbacea (Carrion Flower)
Date: Sept. 26, 1915
Location: Lynn Woods
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 12: Rosaceae (Rose Family)


Crabapple

Name: Raspberry
Notes: Signed by Blackford
A copy.

Name: Crabapple
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Potentilla canadensis var. Simplex
Date: Aug 11, 1917
Location: Revere Marshes
Notes: Signed by Blackford
(Mr. Rich)

Name: Spiraea tomentosa (Steeplebush, Hardhack)
Date: Aug 7, 1927
Location: Arlington

Name: Potentilla arguta L. (Cinquefoil, Five Finger)
Location: Bears Hill Waltham Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford
Gray p. 158

Name: Unknown.
Date: 1924
Notes: Roses bought for Blackford by Mrs Cronin from her wild garden.

Name: Potentilla canadensis? (Common Cirquefoil, Five finger)
Date: June 11, 1916
Location: Echo Bridge
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Rosa canina
Date: Dec. 12, 1915 (on the left), Nov. 1915 (on the right)
Location: Arboretum (on the left), Ellis (on the right)

Name: Agrimonia eupatoria L. (Common Agrimony)
Date: Aug 1915
Location: Eaton Ohio
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Rubus hispidus Blackberry
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Wild Rose, Sweetbriar?
Date: Nov. 21, 1915
Location: West Gloucester

Name: Potentilla palustris
Date: June 12, 1921
Location: Norumbega
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Potentilla anserina (Silverweed)
Date: July 3, 1915
Location: Oak Island
Notes: Blackford noted: 'B+B. page 216 (1934)'

Name: Pyrus arbutifolia (Chokeberry)
Date: Oct 2, 1915 (on the left), Oct. 9, 1915 (on the right)
Location: Hort. Hall (on the left), Forest Hills Arboretum (on the right)
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Rubus odoratus (Purple Flowering Raspberry)
Date: June 18, 1921
Location: Stony Brook Reservation
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Rubus odoratus (Purple Flowering Raspberry)
Date: June 18, 1921

Location: Stony Brook Reservation
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 13: Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)


Cypripedium acaule

Name: Orchid
Location: Marlboro, N.H. Merrywood.

Name: Cypripedium acaule (Ladies Slipper, Moccasin Flower)
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Cypripedium pubescens (Yellow Ladies Slipper, Whippoorwill's Shoe)
Date: May 1915
Location: Ellis
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Spiranthes cernua (Ladies Tresses)
Date: August 27, 1915
Location: Pequawket, N.H.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Calopogon pulchellus (Grass Pinks)
Date: June 1915
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Marked as unfinished.

Name: Pogonia ophioglossoides Snake Mouth
Location: Waltham Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Corallorhiza (Coral Root)
Date: Nov. 1915

Name: Cypripedium acaule (Moccasin Flower, Stemless Ladies Slipper)
Date: July 3 1916
Location: Stony Brook Reservation
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Habenaria fimbriata (Large Purple Fringed Orchid)
Date: June 17, 1921
Location: Ellis Mass
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 14: Miscellanous.


Unknown.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts four yellow flowers.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts one pink flower.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts two yellow flowers.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts six yellow flowers, and a few buds.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts one reddish pink flower.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts one white flower, and two leaved stems in a vase

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts one yellow flower, with three buds.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts three flowers, one yellow and two orange-red.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts two flowers in a blue and gray vase.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a lake surrounded by trees and pink and blue flowers.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a bunch of pink and purple flowers.

Name: Thought to be either Valerian or Polemonium
Date: Aug 1915
Location: Eaton Ohio

Name: Unknown
Date: Sunday May 2, 1931
Location: Unknown
Notes: Contains a note by Blackford that is illegible.

Name: Thought to be a glabra
Date: Aug 16, 1933
Location: Stony Brook
Notes: Noted as having 21 leaves

Name: Unknown
Date: May 1927
Location: Swamp. Ellis.
Notes: Sketch depicts a planted pot full of dark and light purple flowers.
Signed by Blackford

Folder 15: Miscellaneous


Unknown.

Name: Unknown
Date: June 3, 1916
Location: Stony Brook Reservation
Notes: Sketch depicts two red, pink and yellow flowers.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Fenway
Notes: Noted as 'memo' by Blackford. Sketch depicts one pink flower.

Name: Unknown
Date: 1925
Location: Ellis on edge of swamp-pond dry
Notes: Noted to 'try again for it' by Blackford. Sketch depicts two yellow flowers.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a small bunch of purple flowers.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a small bunch of pink and white flowers.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a large batch of flowers and leaves that range in many colors,
such as purple, yellow, green, red and brown.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a small batch of flowers. Sketch is only partially colored.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a batch of leaves and is in pencil without any color.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts what looks like four red-ornage fruit hanging from a branch.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts what looks like three small red fruit and branches.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts three flowers- two purple and one pink.

Name: Unknown
Date: 1880
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts two white flowers amongst brush.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Noted as being a copy. Sketch depicts a small bunch of white and pink flowers
amongst a branch with green leaves.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch is only in pencil without any color and depicts many flowers on a small branch.

Folder 16: Miscellaneous


Unknown.

Name: Unknown
Date: 1886
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a small bunch of red flowers.

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a small tree.

Name: Empetrum nigrum (Black Crowberry)- top left.
Vaccinium oxycoccos (Small Cranberry)-top right.
Celastrus scandens (Bittersweet)- bottom left.
Vaccinium uliginosum (Bob Bilberry)- bottom right.
Date: Sept. 1915
Location: Cohasset
Notes: Four plants are sketched on one plate.

Name: Maple
Sumac
Notes: Both are illustrated on the same plate.

Name: Oats and Acorns
Notes: Initialed by Blackford
Noted as being a copy.

Name: Berberis vulgaris L. (Common Barberry)- located on the right.
Lindera benzoin Blume. (Wild Allspice, Feverbush, Spicebush, Benjamin Bush)
Located on the left.
Location: The Barberry is noted as being naturalized from Europe.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Illiciaceae (Holly Family)- located on the right.
Loranthaceae (Mistletoe Family) - Questioned by Blackford as possibly being
Phoradendron- Located on the left.

Name: American Yew
Date: July 20, 1924
Location: Ellis Mass.
Notes: Initialed by Blackford

Name: Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) B.S.P. (Coast White Cedar, White Cedar)
Date: Dec. 14, 1915
Location: Lost Pond

Name: Thuja occidentalis (L.) (Arborvitae, White Cedar)

Name: Juniperus virginiana (L.) (Red Juniper, Savin Cedar)
Date: Dec. 19, 1915
Location: Ellis Mass.

Name: Houstonia longifolia
Date: June 13, 1915
Location: Blue Hill. On the tip-top. Observatory-Gray.

Name: Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium or Crane's Bill)
Date: May 30, 1916
Location: Echo Bridge
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Humulus lupulus L. (Common Hop)
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Rhamnus cathartica (Common Buckthorn)
Date: Two dates are listed. Dec. 5, 1915 ( on the front of the plate) Nov. 12, 1916
(on the back)
Location: Chestnut Hill
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 17: Miscellaneous


Unknown

Name: Unknown
Date: Unknown
Location: Unknown
Notes: Sketch depicts a shrub or brush like plant.

Name: Asimina triloba (Common Pawpaw)
Date: Aug. 1925
Location: Eaton Ohio
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Cornus canadensis L. (Dwarf Bunchberry)
Date: Oct.?
Location: Pride's Crossing
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Rhexia virginica (Meadow Beauty, Deer Grass)
Date: Sept. 5, 1915
Location: Ellis
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Lobelia siphilitica (Great Lobelia)
Date: Aug. 1915
Location: Eaton Ohio. By the bridge.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Campanula americana (Tall Bellflower)
Date: Aug. 1915
Location: Eaton Ohio
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Solanum nigrum L.
Date: Sept. 1927
Location: Nahant
Notes: Mounted. Noted as a "memo".
Note by Blackford on the back of the plate stating, "Solanum nigrum L.
Although the fruit of this plant is reputed poisnonous, nevertheless in some places
it is used in making pies. The plant is even cultivated for its fruit. A form bearing
very large fine fruit was observed in a garden at Rossie and the proprietor
assured me he used the fruit for food. Cooking appears to destroy its deleterious qualities.
The cultivated form is locally known as 'garden huckleberry'. State Bot. N.Y.C.H. Peck."
(Quoted from the Museum Bulletin, Issues 137-140 by the New York State Museum, 1910).

Name: Solanum dulcamara

Name: Iris versicolor (Larger Blue Flag, Fleur de lis)
Location: Saxonville, Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Iris prismatica (Slender Blue Flag)
Date: July 4, 1915
Location: Oak Island
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Polygala paucifolia (Fringed Milkwort, Flowering Wintergreen)
Notes: Initialed by Blackford. Noted by Blackford as magenta on white.
Sketches of flowers located on the front and back of the plate.

Name: Polygala polygama
Date: July 18, 1915
Location: Lynn Floating Bridge
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Corydalis
Date: Oct. 24, 1915
Location: Lynn Woods
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: (from left to right) Lycopodium clavatum, lycopodium complanatum,
lycopodium lucidulum (Shining Club Moss), lycopodium obscurum
Date: Dec. 1915
Location: Ellis
Notes: Four plates located on the same plate.

Name: Xyris caroliniana (Yellow Eyed Grass Family)
Date: June 16, 1916
Location: Stony Brook Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Folder 18: Miscellaneous


Prickly Headed Poppy

Name: Penthorum sedoides (Ditch stonecrop)

Name: Hamamelis virginiana L.
Date: Late October 1915
Location: Ellis Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Hypericum virginicum L. (Marsh St. Johnswort)
Date: Aug 25, 1917
Location: Norumbega

Name: Hypericum sarothra (St. Johnswort)
Date: Sept. 2, 1917
Location: Pequawket
Notes: Noted by Blackford as, "named at ex. in Hort Hall".

Name: Elodea canadensis (Choke Pondweed, Water Weed)
Date: August 4, 1917
Location: Fenway
Notes: Noted as formerly being Anacharis canadensis B &B 105 Fig. 248

Name: Sagittaria latifolia (Arrowhead)
Date: Aug. 14, 1917
Location: Natick Mass
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Marsilea quadrifolia
Date: August, 14 1917
Location: Echo Bridge, Mass.
Notes: Also found at Saxonville, June 17, 1915

Name: Phytolacca decandra (Common Pokeweed, Scoke)
Date: Oct 25, 1915
Location: Lynn Woods
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Sanguinaria canadensis L. (Bloodroot)
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Prickly Headed Poppy
Date: May 2nd, 1882
Notes: Initialed by 'F.W.F'

Name: Podophyllum L. (Mayapple, Mandrake)
Date: August 1925
Location: Eaton, Ohio. Fort St. Clair
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Fruit ripe to July.

Name: I. glabra? (Inkberry)
Date: Dec. 12, 1915
Location: Arboretum
Notes: 'p.109 Gray'

Name: Draba verna L.(Whitlow Grass)
Date: April 7, 1916
Location: Eastham Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Naturalized from Europe

Name: Draba verna (Whitlow Grass)
Date: April 7, 1916
Location: Eastham, Mass

Name: dentaria diphylla (Toothwort or Crinkleroot)
Date: May 19, 1916
Location: Ellis, Mass.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Miscellaneous: Folder 19


Hemlock

Name: Mitchella repens (Partridge Berry, Twinberry)
Date: Dec. 18th, 1915
Location: Ellis, Mass
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Caryophyllaceae (Pink Family)
Location: Mountain Park

Name: Araliaceae (Ginseng Family)
Date: June 11, 1916
Location: Echo Bridge
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Black Birch
Date: Winter 1916

Name: Alnus (Alder)
Date: Dec. 16, 1915 ?
Location: Chestnut Hill
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Black Birch (left) Llex (right)
Date: Oct. 17, 1915 (left) Oct. 22, 1905 (right)
Location: Echo Bridge (left) Waverly (right)
Notes: Two plants are sketched on one plate.

Name: Hemlock
Date: Dec. 1915

Name: Cancer root
Date: June 1931 ?
Location: On a trip to Manchester with Teacher's School of Science
Notes: Noted by Blackford as 'abudant on hillside- swampy at foot of hill'.

Name: Bladderwort
Date: July
Location: Stony Brook Reservation by the pond in bog.

Name: Mimulus ringens (Monkey Flower)
Date: August 6, 1933
Location: Blue Hills, Milton
Notes: Unfinished sketch

Name: Scutellaria galericulata ? (Skull Cap)
Date: July 25, 1915
Location: Echo Bridge
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: scutellaria versicolor ?
Date: Aug 1915
Location: Eaton Ohio
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Buckwheat
Date: July 1930

Name: Carex stricta
Date: May 2nd, 1931
Location: Winchester, Mass.
Notes: Initialed by Blackford

Miscellaneous: Folder 20


Parnassia caroliniana

Name: Polygonella articulata
Date: Oct. 3rd, 1926
Location: Natick Mass
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Identified by Mr. Rich

Name: Polygonum hydropiper L. (Common Smartweed, Water Pepper)
Located on the left.
Date: Sept 26, 1926
Location: Blue Hill, Milton
Notes: Signed by Blackford, Identified by Mr. Rich
Polygonum persicaria (Ladies Thumb)- on the right.

Name: Gentiana crinita (Fringed Gentian)
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Gentiana andrewsii (Closed Gentian)
Date: Sept. 12th, 1915
Location: Natick Mass
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Sabatia dodecandra (Large Marsh Pink)
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Asclepias verticillata ? (Narrow Leaved Plant)

Name: Asclepias quadrifolia
Date: Aug. 21, 1926
Location: Fells
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Identified by Mr. Rich

Name: Viburnum opulus L. (Cranberry Tree)
Date: Oct. 3, 1905
Location: Horticultural Hall

Name: Linnaea borealis (Twin Flower)
Date: Aug. 1915
Location: Pequawket, N.H.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Triosteum aurantiacum (Feverwort, Tinker's Weed, Wild Coffee)
Date: Oct. 14, 1917
Location: Middlesex Fells
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Flowering in May.

Name: Viburnum dentatum L. (Arrowwood)- on the left.
Viburnum acerifolium L. (Dockmackie, Arrowwood)- on the right.
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Celtis occidentalis L. (Hackberry, Sugarberry, Hoopash, False Elm)
Location: Fenway
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Woods and river banks.

Name: Zizia aurea (Early Meadown Parsnip)
Date: May 27th, 1928
Location: Lake Nagua
Notes: Signed by Blackford

Name: Parnassia caroliniana (Grass of Parnassus)
Date: Sept. 18, 1915
Location: Berlin, Mass
Notes: Signed by Blackford. Fed. Nat. Hist. Soc. Marlboro Mass

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