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Botanical Databases

ActKey - ActKey is an interactive identification keys to floras of China, North America, Madagascar, Borneo, and the world including Families of Angiosperms: Punched Cards by Hansen & Rahn, Punch Card Key to the Families of Dicotyledons of the Western Hemisphere South of the United States By Donald R. Simpson and David Janos, Generic Tree Flora of Madagascar by George E. Schatz, Trees and Shrubs of Borneo by James K. Jarvie & Ermayanti, Genera of Brassicaceae of the world by Ihsan Al-Shehbaz, and keys to many large taxa, particularly for China.

AgDB is now AgNIC

AgNIC--The Agriculture Network Information Center - AgNIC is a database directory of quality agriculture-related databases, datasets, and information systems. It describes and links to more than 1,100 information resources.

AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access)-AGRICOLA is a bibliographic database of citations to the agricultural literature created by the National Agricultural Library and its cooperators.

Agricultural Statistics - published each year to meet the diverse need for a reliable reference book on agricultural production, supplies, consumption, facilities, costs, and returns.

Angiosperm Phylogeny Website -- This series of pages is a set of characterizations of all orders and families of angiosperms (flowering plants), as well as many clades grouping families and orders and some lower-level clades within families. They are designed to help in teaching angiosperm phylogeny at a time when our knowledge of the major clades of angiosperms and the relationships within them are still somewhat in a state of flux.

Authors of Plant Names Database is now part of IPNI

Bibliography of Systematic Mycology - provides a survey of the literature encompassing the biodiversity, classification, distribution, evolution, identification, nomenclature, phylogeny, systematics and taxonomy of fungi (including those groups traditionally treated as fungi but now better classified in other kingdoms).

Biosis Previews- Biosis Previews covers traditional areas of biology, such as botany, zoology and microbiology, as well as related fields such as biomedical, agriculture, pharmacology and ecology. Interdiscplinary fields such as medicine, biochemistry, biophysics, bioengineering and biotechnology are also included. Nearly 5,500 serials are monitored for inclusion. In addition, the database covers content summaries, books and meeting abstracts, papers and posters.

Catalogue of New World Grasses- The Catalogue of New World Grasses (CNWG) is an on-going project led by agrostologists from five institutions to database, using TROPICOS, and link all nomenclature, types, synonymy, current taxonomy, and dis tribution for grasses occurring from Alaska and Greenland to Tierra del Fuego.

Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International (CABI) - CAB International is an international, intergovernmental, not-for-profit organization. Its mission is to help improve human welfare worldwide through the dissemination, application and generation of scientific knowledge in support of sustainable development, with emphasis on agriculture, forestry, human health and the management of natural resources, and with particular attention to the needs of developing countries.

ConserveOnline- is a public library of conservation tools, techniques, and experience, and a community of conservation practitioners. This site is intended to provide information and support to anyone making conservation-related decisions, from the staff of conservation organizations to land managers at government agencies to local land trusts to private landowners. ConserveOnline is an open forum for sharing successes and failures, and for connecting scientific research with field-based conservation practice.

Curtis Botanical Magazine- William Curtis (1746-1799) was a trained pharmacist living in London, whose greater interest was the study of flora and insects. Mr. Curtis maintained a large garden where he grew beautiful exotic plants. William Curtis began publishing the Curtis Botanical Magazine in 1787. This digital presentation represents one thousand fifty records, one thousand forty-eight plates, (two of the original plates are missing, plate 797& 860) and there are one thousand four hundred fifty-sixty related title pages from the first 26 volumes. The entire print collection of 164 volumes is housed at the National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Maryland..

Database of Botanists (Harvard University) - The collectors file, based on a number of sources, but in no way exhaustive in its coverage, is intended to serve as a standard for data entry of botanical specimen records and to fill a gap in the categories of standardized information currently available in electronic data format. Plant name authors, collectors, and publication authors are combined into a single resource.

Dictionary of the Fungi published by CABI Publishing also contains the current consensus on the fungal taxonomic hierarchy to the rank of genus. Here you may search the database for the status of generic names, or walk down the hierarchy from the rank of Kingdom. The entries for each genus generally include authors and place of publication together with the type species and other data. - is a search and browse interface to on-line floras: Flora of China, Flora of North America, Flora of Pakistan, Moss Flora of China, and Trees and Shrubs of the Andes of Ecuador.

Encyclopedia of the Life Sciences - Encyclopedia of the Life Sciences is a database of articles in the biological sciences. Specially commissioned and peer reviewed, the articles are written by over 5,000 scientists and reflect many fields of the life and biomedical sciences, with emphasis on cell and molecular sciences.

Flora of China - The Flora of China is a collaborative project to publish the first modern English-language account of the approximately 30,000 species of vascular plants of China (one-eighth of the world's flora).

Flora of North America - FNA presents for the first time, in one published reference source, information on the names, taxonomic relationships, continent-wide distributions, and morphological characteristics of all plants native and naturalized found in North America north of Mexico.

Flowering Plant Gateway - The Flowering Plant Gateway is being developed to explore procedures that 'attach' the growing mass of internet data developing for flowering plant families to stable taxonomic structures. The resulting systematic data matrix can be negotiated by anyone seeking information on a given flowering plant family.

Guide to the descriptions published in seed-lists from Botanic Gardens for the period 1800 - 1900 - Research workers often have difficulties in finding plant descriptions published in seed-lists issued by botanic gardens in the period 1800 – 1900. It was common policy to publish descriptions of plants in seed-exchange lists from botanical gardens. These seed-catalogues are often very difficult to find, as they were usually printed in very limited numbers and not deposited in associated botanical libraries. Another problem is the date of publication which is often crucial in nomenclatural considerations. This guide is based on names in the Index Kewensis. The original text of the description, whether now considered valid or not is available, with the title page of the seed-list and, where possible, details of publication date.

Hu Card Index - The Hu Card Index was prepared in the early 1950s when the Arnold Arboretum undertook a project to prepare a flora of China. Dr. Hu, working with a staff of four or five persons, searched all botanical literature (1753-1955) to locate all names that had ever been used for plants of China.

IndexFungorum; aka funindex contains over 345,000 names of fungi (including yeast, lichens, chromistan fungi, protozoan fungi and fossil forms) at species level and below derived from a number of published lists including Saccardo's Sylloge Fungorum (contributed by SBML, USDA), Petrak's Lists, Saccardo's Omissions, Lamb's Index, Zahlbruckner's Catalogue of Lichens (comprehensive for names at species level only but with an increasing number of names of infraspecific taxa) and CABI's Index of Fungi.

Index Herbariorum- a joint project of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) and The New York Botanical Garden (NYBG), is a detailed directory of 3000+ public herbaria of the world and the 8800+ staff members associated with them.

Index Nominum Genericorum (ING) Database- ING, a collaborative project of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) and the Smithsonian Institution, was initiated in 1954 as a compilation of generic names published for all organisms covered by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.

Index Nominum Supragenericorum Plantarum Vascularium- This project is a joint effort between the International Association for Plant Taxonomy and the Norton-Brown Herbarium at the University of Maryland. The purpose of the project is to capture all valid and legitimate extant vascular plants names, as defined by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, proposed above the rank of genus. These data are dynamic and constantly being updated.

International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ST LOUIS CODE)adopted by the Sixteenth International Botanical Congress St Louis, Missouri, July-August 1999

International Plant Name Index- The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) is a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of all seed plants. IPNI is the product of a collaboration between The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, The Harvard University Herbaria, and the Australian National Herbarium

Kew Record of Taxonomic Literature- This valuable resource lists references to all publications relating to the taxonomy of flowering plants, gymnosperms and ferns along with references to phytogeography, nomenclature, chemotaxonomy, molecular taxonomy chromosome surveys, floras and botanical institutions; papers of taxonomic interest in the fields of anatomy and morphology, palynology , embryology and reproductive biology are also included along with relevant bibliographies and biographies. The database currently contains some 175 thousand references published from 1971 to 2000 with new references being added once a week.

Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops- The second edition of the "Mansfeld-Verzeichnis", which is a standard source of information on cultivated plants, deals with c. 4.800 species (without ornamental and forestry plants). The database pays particular consideration of the matters of cultivated plants, presentation of complex hierarchies of botanical names and incompletely hierarchically structured nomenclature of cultivars.

Moss Flora of China-The Moss Flora of China, English version, is a series of eight volumes dealing with all mosses known to be native or naturalized in China. It contains descriptions, identification keys, illustrations of Chinese endemic and East Asian taxa, habitat information, distributional ranges outside China, specimen citations, and distribution maps of all accepted taxa.

NatureServe Explorer- This database provides a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals, and ecological communities of the United States and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too.

NCU-3e. Names in Current Use for Extant Plant Genera - A list of 28,041 generic names currently in use for extant algae, bryophytes, ferns, flowering plants, and fungi

PicSearch- Enter the scientific name of a plant in the search box.

PLANTS National Database-The PLANTS Database is a single source of standardized information about plants. This database focuses on vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. The PLANTS Database includes names, checklists, automated tools, identification information, species abstracts, distributional data, crop information, plant symbols, plant growth data, plant materials information, plant links, references, and other plant information

Science Citation Index Expanded (ISI Web of Science)- Science Citation Index, published by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), is a multidisciplinary database, with searchable author abstracts, covering the journal literature of the sciences. It indexes 5,700 major journals across more than 150 scientific disciplines. Because the information stored about each article includes the article's cited reference list (often called its bibliography), you can also search the databases for articles that cite a known author or work.

Species 2000 has the objective of enumerating all known species of plants, animals, fungi and microbes on Earth as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. It will also provide a simple access point enabling users to link from here to other data systems for all groups of organisms, using direct species-links. Users worldwide will be able to verify the scientific name, status and classification of any known species through species checklist data drawn from an array of participating databases.

St. Louis International Code of Botanical Nomenclature see International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

Taxonomic Literature the online edition of Taxonomic Literature, 2nd edition (TL-2). TL-2 is the standard reference work for plant taxonomic literature from Linnean times to 1940.

Treesearch a new database that allows access to Forest Service research publications online. With Treesearch, researchers can locate and download USDA-authored or sponsored publications, including those in journals, books, and conference proceedings.

VAST (VAScular Tropicos) nomenclatural database- This site provides access to the Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST (VAScular Tropicos) nomenclatural database and associated authorityfiles.

Web of Science see Science Citation Index


Last updated February 2008. Send comments, corrections, or updates to:
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