Farlow Reference Library of Cryptogamic Botany


WILLIAM LAWRENCE WHITE (1908-1952)
PAPERS

Biography:

William Lawrence White was born May 29, 1908 in Salina, Pennsylvania and spent his childhood on his family's farm. He attended Pennsylvania State College where his professors included James W. Sinden and Frank D. Kern. His studies focused on fungi, and he soon collected a large number of fungi for his own personal herbarium. He received a Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1940. White first began work at Harvard's Farlow Herbarium in 1940 as Assistant Curator of Fungi. He also assisted on work for the Bibliographic Index of North American Fungi. He met Mary Rebecca Old, a graduate student at Radcliffe, and they were married in October 1942 and later had two children. In 1943, White turned his efforts to helping the military deal with the problem of molds and mildews destroying supplies in tropical areas. He worked first for the Chemical Warfare Development Laboratory at MIT and later in Philadelphia for the Quartermaster Research and Development Laboratories of the US Army. For a period in 1945 to 1946, he served as mycologist for the Air Technical Service Command Tropical Science Mission. In 1948, White returned to Harvard where he served as Director of the Farlow Library and Herbarium and Associater Professor of Botany. He was instrumental in developing a working research laboratory to supplement the resources of the Farlow. White also was involved in many mycological and botanical organizations, including serving as Chairman of the Microbiological Section of the Botanical Society of America. His own research resulted in a large number of publications, including monographs on lower fungi and papers on applied mycology, especially dealing with the deterioration of textiles caused by fungi. White died on July 31, 1952 after a car accident. The White family was driving home from a swimming trip during a strong rainstorm, when their car skidded across the road and collided head-on with another vehicle. White was severely injured and died several days later at Emerson Hospital in Concord, Massachusetts. His wife was seriously injured, but survived. His two children, Richard and Deborah, were not seriously injured.

References:

Harvard University Gazette, March 14, 1953, Vol. XLVIII, Number 25, p. 175-176.
Harvard University Press Release, July 31, 1952.
"Injuries Fatal to W.L. White, Botanist, 44," The Boston Herald, August 1, 1952.
"Six Hurt in Crash on Concord Turnpike," Boston Globe, July 28, 1952.

Scope and Content:

This collection includes correspondence related to mycological research and Farlow Herbarium business; manuscripts of some of White's articles; photographs of specimens related to White's research and articles; charts and graphs showing results of experiments; and course materials, research notes, and other papers related to his own school work, courses he taught, his research, and his involvement in professional organizations.

Series Description:

Series 1: Correspondence
Most correspondence is arranged alphabetically by the name of person or institution. There are also general folders for each letter of the alphabet. This series is not strictly letters, but also includes assorted papers related to the person or institution. Most correspondence deals with mycological research and Farlow Herbarium business such as hiring staff or arranging loans of specimens. The letters are from 1947-1954. Major correspondents include the Botanical Society of America, Mary Downing, Harvard University, the Mycological Society of America, Elwyn T. Reese, and Ralph G.H. Siu.

Series 2: Manuscripts
This series includes ten manuscripts of White's research articles.

Series 3: Photographs
This series includes black and white photographs of specimens under the microscope. Many are related to specific articles by White.

Series 4: Charts & Graphs
This series includes charts and graphs used for illustrating White's articles.

Series 5: Course Materials, Notes, and Misc. Papers
This series includes outlines of course material for White's 1949 class, Biology 204, as well as students' exams from this course. Additional material includes some of White's own exams from Penn State, papers from the Harvard Biology Department, an illustrated laboratory notebook by White, various notes, and papers and letters from the Microbiological Section of the Botanical Society of America.

Container Listing:

Series 1: Correspondence
For additional correspondence see also Series 5, Folders 56-58.

Box 1
1. A, 28 items, 1948-1951.
2. Abbott, Isabella (Mrs.), 8 items, 1948-1949.
3. Ajello, Libero, 4 items, 1949-1950.
4. American Academy of Arts & Sciences, 15 items, 1951-1952.
5. American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2 items, 1951.
6. American Institute of Biological Sciences, 3 items, 1950-1951.
7. Ames, Lawrence M., 9 items, 1948-1950.
8. Artic Institute of North America, 4 items, 1948-1951.
9. B, 100 items, 1949-1952.
10. Baker, Kenneth F., 9 items, 1948-1951.
11. Bartholomew, J.R., 11 items, 1948-1951.
12. Bartram, Edwin B., 6 items, 1948-1951.
13. Benham, Rhoda W., 2 items, 1951.
14. Benjamin, Richard K., 3 items, 1952.
15. Biological Abstracts, 16 items, 1948-1951.
16. Bisby, G.R., 14 items, 1949-1951.
17. Boston Mycological Society, 50 items, 1948-1951.
18. Botanical Congress, 42 items, 1950.
19. Botanical Society of America, 28 items, 1947-1951.
20. Botanical Society of America, Microbiological Section, 5 items, 1951.
21. Botanical Society of America, Microbiological Section, 48 items, 1950.
22. Botanical Society of America, Microbiological Section, 168 items, 1949.
23. Brian, P.W., 7 items, 1949-1951.
24. British Mycological Society, 7 items, 1949-1951.
25. Buck, Paul H., Provost, 45 items, 1948-1951.
26. Buildings and Grounds, Dept. of, 9 items, 1951-1952.
27. C, 85 items, 1948-1952.
28. Campbell, William A., 14 items, 1948-1951.
29. Centraalbureau Voor Schimmelcultures, 27 items, 1948-1952.
30. Cohen, Arthur, 7 items, 7 items, 1948-1952.
31. Cooke, William Bridge, 24 items, 1948-1952.
32. Cutter, Victor M., Jr., 29 items, 1948-1952.
33. D, 48 items, 1948-1952.
34. Darby, Richard T., 23 items, 1948-1952.
35. Damon, S.C., 27 items, 1951-1952.
36. Davidson, Ross W., 5 items, 1948-1951.
37. Day, Dorothy, 9 items, 1948-1949.
38. Dodge, Carroll W., 12 items, 1949-1951.
39. Downing, Mary, 111 items, 1948-1952.
40. E, 18 items, 1948-1952.
41. Eades, H.W., 1950, 5 items.
42. Edwards Brothers, 2 items, 1950.
43. Eldredge, Keith G., 8 items, 1950-1952.
44. Equipment, 40 items, 1948-1951
45. F, 25 items, 1948-1952.
46. Fischer, George, 9 items, 1951.
47. G, 41 items, 1948-1952.
48. Gamma Alpha, 6 items, 1950-1952.
49. George O. Jenkins Company, 10 items, 1951-1952.
50. Gilman, Joseph C., 1 item, 1951.,
51. Gordon Conference, 3 items, 1951.
52. Francis B. Gordon, 1 item, undated.
53. Gould, Bernard S., 2 items, 1951.
54. Groves, J. Walton, 16 items, 1948-1951.
55. H, 60 items, 1948-1952.
56. Harvard University, Official, 42 items, Jan. 1-June 30, 1952.
57. Harvard University, Official, 76 items, Jan. 1-June 30, 1951.
58. Harvard University, Official, 37 items, July 1-Dec. 31, 1951.
59. Harvard University, Official, 66 items, July 1-Dec. 31, 1950.
60. Harvard University, Official, 102 items, Jan.1-June 30, 1950.

Box 2

1. Harvard University, Official, 52 items, July 1, 1949-Dec. 31, 1949.
2. Harvard University, Official, 71 items, Jan. 1, 1949-June 31, 1949.
3. Harvard University, Official, 22 items, April 1, 1948-Dec. 31, 1948.
4. Harvey, James V., 13 items, 1948-1951.
5. I, 17 items, 1948-1950.
6. Imshaug, Henry A., 15 items, 1950-1952.
7. Industrial Microbiologists, Society of, 50 items, 1949-1952.
8. International Bureau for Plant Taxonomist, 1 item, undated.
9. J, 25 items, 1948-1952.
10. Jackson, H.S., 29 items, 1948-1951.
11. Hutchinson, W.G., 7 items, 1948-1949.
12. Jobs, 1 item, 1952.
13. Johnson, A.G., 4 items, 1948-1949, 4 items.
14. K, 36 items, 1948-1952.
15. Karling, J.S., 11 items, 1948-1950.
16. Keeping, Mrs. E . Silver, 15 items, 1948-1952.
17. Kolk, Laura A., 3 items, 1948-1950.
18. Korf, Richard P., 28 items, 1949-1952.
19. L, 61 items, 1948-1959.
20. I. Mackenzie Lamb, 11 items, 1948-1952.
21. Lanjouw, J., 2 items, 1951.
22. Llano, George A., 8 items, 1948-1951.
23. Loan Material Missing, 2 items, 1949-1950.
24. Lowe, J.L., 24 items, 1948-1952.
25. Luttrell, E.S., 2 items, 1951.
26. M, 85 items, 1948-1952.
27. Mains, E.B., 32 items, 1948-1951.
28. Mandels, G.R., 37 items, 1948-1951.
29. Marsh, Paul B., 26 items, 1948-1951.
30. Martin, G.W., 24 items, 1948-1951.
31. Mason, E.W., 18 items, 1948-1952.
32. Miller, Julian H., 7 items, 1948.
33. Mix, A.J., 10 items, 1948-1951.
34. Moldenke, Harold N., 5 items, 1950.
35. Murrill, W.A., 13 items, 1949-1950.
36. Mycological Society, 8 items, 1951-1952.
37. Mycological Society of America, 132 items, 1948-1952.
38. N, 24 items, 1948-1959.
39. New England Botanical Club Inc., 21 items, 1949-1952.
40. New York Academy of Sciences, 2 items, 1951.
41. Niederhauser, John, 8 items, 1949-1950.
42. O, 3 items, 1948-1949.
43. Olive, Lindsay, 8 items, 1950-1952.
44. P, 38 items, 1948-1951.
45. Perlman, D., 7 items, 1948-1950.
46. Prince, Alton E., 37 items, 1948-1952.
47. Purchasing Dept., 1 item, 1951.
48. Q, 1 item, 1948.
49. Quartermaster Contract, 2 items, 1952-1953.
50. Quartermaster Contract, 23 items, 1952-1953.
51. Quartermaster Contract, 55 items, 1949.
52. R, 62 items, 1948-1952.
53. Raymond, Frank L., 15 items, 1949-1951.
54. Reese, Elwyn T., 129 items, 1948-1952.
55. Reprint Requests, 42 items, 1938-1952.
56. Rickett, Harold W., 12 items, 1948.
57. Rogers, Donald P., 40 items, 1948-1952.
58. S, 93 items, 1948-1952.
59. Salisbury, Edward, Sir, 5 items, 1949-1950.
60. Schneidau, J.D., 2 items, 1950.

Box 3

1. Seaver, Fred J., 8 items, 1948-1950.
2. Seeler, Edgar V., 29 items, 1948-1952.
3. Sen Gupta, S.R., 5 items, 1949-1951.
4. Shanor, Leland, 17 items, 1949-1952.
5. Shotts, Helen, 2 items, 1950.
6. Sinden, James W., 9 items, 1948-1952.
7. Siu, Ralph, G.H., 86 items, 1948-1951.
8. Slykhuis, John T., 5 items, 1948-1950.
9. Smith, A.C., 8 items, 1948-1951.
10. Smith, A.H., 17 items, 1948-1952.
11. Smith, George, 10 items, 1948-1952.
12. Snell, Walter H., 20 items, 1948-1951.
13. Sprague, Roderick, 4 items, 1948-1949.
14. Sproston, Thomas, 16 items, 1948-1952.
15. Stahl, William H., 5 items, 1948-1951.
16. Steere, William C., 9 items, 1948-1950.
17. Steinmetz, F.H., 4 items, 1950.
18. Stevenson, John A., 48 items, 1948-1950.
19. Supplies, 5 items, 1949.
20. Sussman, A., 4 items, 1949-1950.
21. T, 39 items, 1948-1959.
22. U, 5 items, 1949-1950.
23. V, 13 items, 1948-1952.
24. Verdoorn, Frans, 15 items, 1948-1952.
25. W, 85 items, 1948-1959.
26. Wehmeyer, L.E., 17 items, 1949-1952.
27. Weindling, Richard, 6 items, 1950.
28. Weintromb, Dora, 4 items, 1949-1950.
29. Westerdijk, Johanna, 11 items, 1950-1952.
30. X, Y, 7 items, 1948-1950.
31. Z, 4 items, 1948-1952.
32. Letters to or about White after his death, 27 items, 1952-1954.

Series 2: Manuscripts

33. White, "Activities and interrelationships of the fungi causing deterioration of industrial and military materials," 2 copies, 1949.
34. White, "Mycological factors in the deterioration of materials in the tropics," Tropical Report, No. 13, Biological Labs, Philadelphia, Q.M. Depot, 29 Nov 1946.
35. White, "Studies in the Genus Helotium IV, some miscellaneous species," includes illustrations, undated.
Oversize Box. White, Supplement to Arthur Bliss Seymour's Host Index of Fungi of North America, 772 pages, aprox. 1941.
36. White and Downing, "Coccospora agricola Goddard, its specific status, relationships, and cellulytic activity," Mycologia, Vol. 43, 1951.
37. White, Mandels, and Siu, "Fungi in relation to the degradation of woolen fabric," Mycologia 42: 199, 1950.
38. White, Siu, and Reese, "The black aspergilli in relation to cellulosic substrata," copy 2, 1947.
39. White, Siu, and Reese, "The black aspergilli in relation to cellulosic substrata," 1947.
40. White, Siu, and Reese, "Cellulolytic activity of the black apergilli," undated.
41. White, Yeager, and Shotts, "History, distribution, and economic significance of the cellulose-destroying fungous Memnoniella echinata," Farlowia, Vol. 3, No. 4, p. 399-423, 1949.

Series 3: Photographs

42. Apergilli photographs, 27 items, 1947.
43. Humicala photographs, 14 items, undated.
44. Misc. photos of specimens under microscope, 43 items, 1945.
Oversize Box. Photographs for article, "Assay of cellulolytic activity of molds isolated from fabrics and related items exposed in the tropics" by White, R.T. Darby, G.M. Stechert, K. Sanderson, in Mycologia, Vol. XL, Jan.-Feb. 1948, p. 34.
45. Photographs for article, "The black aspergilli in relation to cellulosic substrata," 1947.
46. Photograph for article, "Fungi in relation to the degradation of woolen fabrics," by White, G.R. Mandels, and R.G.H. Siu, Mycologia, Vol. XLII, no. 2, March-April 1950.
47. Photograph for article, "The identity of Metarrhizium Glutinosum," by White and M.H. Downing, Mycologia, Vol. XXXIX, no. 5, 546-555, Sept.-Oct. 1947.
48. Photograph of Spyridia filamentosa (Wulf.) Harv., (Ceramiales, Ceramiaceae) by Martin Zimmerman, July 1962, and photograph of Polysiphonia harveyi Bailey (Ceramiales, Rhodomelaceae) by Martin Zimmerman, July 1962.

Series 4: Charts and Graphs

Oversize Box. Three charts for article, "The Black Aspergilli in Relation to Cellulosic Substrata," by White, Siu, and Reese, Dec. 1948.
49. "Decline in tensile strength of cotton fabric caused by Humicola Sp.," 25 copies of graph, and "Effect of surface: volume ratio on growth of Pestalotia and Metarrhizium," 1 copy of graph.

Series 5: Course Materials, Notes, and Misc. Papers

50. Biology 204 Outlines, 42 items, undated.
51. Biology 204, Spring term, 1949, 61 items.
52. Exams, from White's classes at Penn. State, 3 items, 1930.
53. Harvard Biology Department papers, 7 items, 1951-1952.
54. Laboratory outline notebook by White, 1929-1930.
55. Lists, notes, & experimental procedures, 12 items, undated.
56. Microbiological Section, Botanical Society of America, includes program, correspondence with officers, and general correspondence, 1946.
57. Microbiological Section, Botanical Society of America, includes program, correspondence with officers, and general correspondence, 1947.
58. Microbiological Section, Botanical Society of America, includes program, correspondence with officers, and general correspondence, 1948.
59. Misc. notes, undated.

 

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