Library of the Gray Herbarium


Louis Charles Christopher Krieger (1873-1940)
Krieger Negatives

 

Biography:

L. C. C. Krieger was born in Baltimore, Maryland on 11 February 1873. In 1891, he began his professional career as an assistant artist in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He was assigned to the Division of Microscopy, where he worked until 1895 under the supervision of Dr. Thomas Taylor, whose hobby was the study of mushrooms. Krieger was soon put to work painting mushrooms found in and around Washington, D.C., as well as copying plates from European works.

After 1895 Krieger studied art in Munich and returned to Maryland where he taught drawing and painting. An offer in 1902 from Professor William Farlow enticed him to leave his native city and return to his earlier occupation, mycological illustration. He worked with Farlow for the next ten years.

In late 1912, Krieger returned to government service with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. He was assigned to the Plant Introduction Garden in Chico, California, then under the direction of David Griffiths. Krieger painted a large series of species and forms of Opuntia (prickly pear cactus) between 1912 and 1917.

Once again the lure of mushrooms proved to be too strong and Krieger left government service a second time. In 1918, he accepted an invitation from Dr. Howard A. Kelly, a Baltimore physician, to resume his study and illustration of mushrooms.

A brief stint from 1928 to 1929 with the Tropical Plant Research Foundation in Cuba allowed Krieger to make a series of paintings of sugar cane diseases. This work was followed, through the intercession of Dr. Kelly, with an appointment as Mycologist to the New York State Museum in Albany where Krieger prepared a guide to the higher fungi of New York State. A third and final period of government service began in 1929 and Krieger once again collaborated with David Griffiths of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Krieger died in Washington, D.C. on July 31, 1940.

 

Scope and Content:

The Krieger Negatives are glass plate negatives used by L. C. C. Krieger while illustrating the Icones Farlowianae. In some cases the negatives are labeled as to who the photographer was, in other cases the labeling is less clear and may relate to the collector of the specimen rather than the photographer. The negatives are numbered, however, it is unclear whether the numbering is related to a series of negatives, samples or plates in the finished work.

 

Provenance:

Given by Lilian Horsford Farlow after the death of William Gilson Farlow in 1919.

 

Container List:

Box 1--Krieger correspondences (misc. letters to L. G. G. Krieger), 1907-1911; Krieger Negatives large size (8 1/2 x 10 1/2") #1-6, 8, 10-11, 15, 17-19, 26-30, 32-38, 40-41, 45-55
Box 2--Krieger Negatives large size (8 1/2 x 10 1/2") #56-62, 64-68, 81-84, 90-98, 103-106, 108
Box 3--Krieger Negatives 6 1/2 x 8 1/2" and 8 1/2 x 10 1/2", #116-131, 133-141, 143
Box 4--Krieger Negatives 6 1/2 x 8 1/2" (except #7=4 1/2 x 8"), #7, 79, 85-89, 101-102, 109-115
Box 5--Krieger Negatives 5" x 7", #9, 12-14, 16, 20-25, 31, 39, 42-44, 63, 80, 99-100 and unidentified alga
Box 6--Krieger Negatives small size (3 1/2" x 4 1/2"), #69-77 and unlabeled negatives

 

Item List:

Box 1:

1. (17) Krieger Correspondence; misc. letters to L. L. G. Krieger, 1907-1911

Glass plate negatives:

Negative # Species NameCollecting Notes
#1Clitocybe MorbiferaOttawa, Oct 1900, Mr. Bullard
#2Boletinus Porosus1900, Mr. Bullard
#2Boletinus Porosus1900, Mr. Bullard
#3Agaricus IlludensWest Roxbury, 23 Sept 1901
#4Lactarius ChrysorrheusSharon, Mass., Oct 1901, Piquet
#5Collybia near C. Lentinoides PeckOct 1901
#6Agaricus Volvatus ? Vel. FarinaceousMuseum Grounds, Cambridge, 1901
#8Pholiota sp? Museum Grounds, Oct 1901. No notes, but specimen and spores
#10HypholomaMuseum Grounds, Oct 1901, "see specimens"
#11Tricholoma Personatum ?Prospect Hill, Waltham, Oct 1901, Seymour.
#15Lepiota Rachodes
#17Pleurotus OstreatusOct 1901, Miss Cloph [?]
#18Crepidotus VersutusBelmont, Mass., Oct 1901, Peck.
#19Pholiota Curvipes (?) with Flammula Sp. Arlington, Mass., Oct 1901, Mr. Webster.
#26Armillaria Imperialis Vel. Aff.St. Stephen, N.B., 19 Sept 1902, J. Vroome
#27Armillaria Imperialis Vel. Aff.St. Stephen, N.B., 19 Sept 1902, J. Vroome
#28Armillaria Imperialis Vel. Aff.St. Stephen, N.B., 19 Sept 1902, J. Vroome
#29Agaricus ComtulusMuseum Grounds, 20 Sept 1902
#30Hypholoma Velutina Vel. Aff.Museum Grounds, 20 Sept 1902
#32Agaricus CampestrisMuseum Grounds, Sept 1902
#33StrophariaMuseum Grounds, Cambridge, Sept 1902
#34LachnocladiumHammond's Pond, Brookline, Mass., Sept 1902
#35Collybia MaculataWaverly, Mass., Sept 1902
#36Pholiota ErebiaMuseum Grounds, Cambridge, Sept 1902
#37Pholiota ErebiaMuseum Grounds, Cambridge, Sept 1902
#38Coprinus ComatusCambridge, Sept 1902
#40Tricholoma Sordidum (Vel. Nudum?)Museum Grounds, Sept 1902
#41Lepiota NaucinaCollege Grounds, Sept 1902
#45Hypholoma AppendiculatumMuseum Grounds, Sept 1902
#46Hygrophorus FuligineusEast Providence, RI, 9 Oct 1902
#47Boletus PunotipesEast Providence, RI, 9 Oct 1902
#48Hygrophorus FuligineusEast Providence, RI, 9 Oct 1902
#49Boletinus PictusEast Providence, RI, 9 Oct 1902
#50Lactarius ObnubilisEast Providence, RI, 9 Oct 1902
#51Boletus SubluteusEast Providence, RI, 9 Oct 1902
#52Clitocybe OealbataOttawa, Oct 1902, J. Fletcher
#53Cortinarius CinnamomeusEast Providence, RI, 9 Oct 1902
#54Cortinarius Cinnamomeus Var. semi-sanguineusEast Providence, RI, 9 Oct 1902
#55Boletus GranulatusEast Providence, RI, 9 Oct 1902

Box 2:

Negative # Species NameCollecting Notes
#56Cortinarius CorrugatusEast Providence, 10 Oct 1902
#57Cantharellus InfundibuliformisEast Providence, RI, 10 Oct 1902
#58Lepiota AcutesquamosaCollege Grounds, Cambridge, Oct 1902
#59Lactaruis Obnubilis (section) and Boletus Granulatus (group) East Providence, RI, 10 Oct 1902
#60Lepiota AcutaesquamosaMuseum Grounds, Sept 1902
#61Tricholoma EquestreSt. Stephen, N.B., Oct 1902, Mr. Vroome
#62Armillaria PonderosaSt. Stephen, N.B., Oct 1902, J. Vroome
#64Boletinus CavipesSt. Stephen, N.B., 20 Oct 1902, J. Vroome
#65Coprinus SobabiferusInman St., Cambridge, 25 Oct 1902, Piquet
#66Coprinus SobabiferusCambridge, Oct 1902
#67Pleurotus PetaloidesPeabody, Mass., Oct 1903, Mrs. Mackintosh
#68Tricholoma BrevipesCambridge, Nov 1903, Mr. Crosby and Mr. Fessenden
#81BolbitiusCambridge near Museum, June 1905, Krieger 178
#81BolbitiusCambridge near Museum, June 1905, Krieger 178
#81*Bolbituson manure heap near Museum, Cambridge, June 1905 "these negatives are not good, see 80 [see 81?]
#81*Bolbituson manure heap near Museum, Cambridge, June 1905 "these negatives are not good, see 80 [see 81?]
#82Panuson branch, Cambridge, June 1905, Piquet, KR 179
#82*Panuson branch, Cambridge, June 1905, Piquet, KR 179
#83Cortinarius Squamulosus8 Aug 1905
#84Cortinarius Squamulosus8 Aug 1905
#90Stropharia HoweiPurgatory Swamp, 23 Oct 1905, Mrs. Page
#91Lepiota CristataCollege Grounds, Cambridge, 10 Oct 1906
#92Inocybe (?) EchinataCambridge, 13 Oct 1906
#93Agaricus RodmaniCambridge, Oct 1906
#94Hebelomain mushroom bed, West Roxbury, Oct 1906, Miss Hibbard
#95Hebelomain mushroom bed, West Roxbury, Oct 1906, Miss Hibbard
#96Agaricus RodmaniCambridge, Oct 1906
#97Clitopilus CancrinusCambridge, June 1907, KR 243
#98Galera Tenera (?) with BolbitiusCambridge, July 1907. Same as Bridgham #434 Krieger also to draw a figure.
#103Amanita Solitaria Vel. Aff. Stow, Mass., Oct 1907, Mr. L. Davis
#104Amanita Solitaria Vel. Aff.Stow, Mass., Oct 1907, Mr. L. Davis
#105Polyporus TuberasterOct 1907
#106Polyporus TuberasterOct 1907
#108Boletus PallidusArlington, Mass., 21 Aug 1908. Coll. Krieger

Box 3:

Negative # Species NameCollecting Notes
#116Lactarius GriseusChocorua, Sept 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#117Entoloma NidorosumChocorua, Sept 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#118Entoloma MoorosumChocorua, Sept 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#119Lactarius (Lignyotus?) Chocorua, Sept 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#120Lactarius (Lignyotus?) Chocorua, Sept 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#121Lactarius B. of ChocoruaChocorua, Sept 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#122Lactarius C. of ChocoruaChocorua, Sept 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#123Cortinarius Asper Vel. Aff. and LactariusChocorua, Sept 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#124Mycena ConfluensChocorua, Sept 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#125Hygrophorus AureusStow, Mass., 11 Oct 1908, L. Davis-Phot. Dadmum
#126Boletus Flavus (Clintonianus) Stow, Mass., near Larches, 11 Oct 1908, F. Davis-Phot. Dadmum
#127Pleurotus UlmariusWollaston, Mass., Oct 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#128Pleurotus UlmariusWollaston, Oct 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#129Hypholoma SublateritiumWollaston, Mass., Oct 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#130Hypholoma SublateritiumWollaston, Mass., Oct 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#131Hypholoma SublateritiumWollaston, Mass., Oct 1908, Mr. Cockayne
#133Tricholoma Melaleucum, Phot. Dadnumin grass near law school, Cambridge, 15 June, 1909
#134Pluteys UmbrosusGeorgetown, ME, Oct 1909, Mr. H. Webster. Dadmum-Bullard
#135Pluteys UmbrosusGeorgetown, ME, Oct 1909, Mr. H. Webster. Dadmum-Bullard
#136Tricholoma UstaleGeorgetown, ME, Oct 1909, H. Webster. Dadmum-Bullard
#137Tricholoma SejunctumGeorgetown, ME, Oct 1909, Mr. H. Webster. Dadmum-Bullard
#138Amanita PorphyriaGeorgetown, ME, Oct 1909, Mr. H. Webster. Dadmum-Bullard
#139Amanita PorphyriaGeorgetown, ME, Oct 1909, Mr. H. Webster. Dadmum-Bullard
#140Boletunus SpectablusOct 1909, KR 322
#140Boletunus SpectablusOct 1909, KR 322
#141Clitocybe GiganteaPeabody, Mass., Oct 1911, R. B. Mackintosh. Dadmum
#143Urnula TexensisRichland Springs, Texas, Dec 1912, Miss Hall

Box 4:

Negative # Species NameCollecting Notes
#7Agaricus ArvensisShaler's Hedge, Cambridge Oct 1901 Poor
#79UlaeporusSept 1904
#79UlaeporusSept 1904
#85Naucoria ChristinaeLynn Woods, Oct 1905, H. Webster. KR 202
#86Naucoria ChristinaeLynn Woods, Oct 1905, H. Webster. KR 202
#87Pholiota SpectabilisOct 1905. KR 203
#88Pholiota Spectabilis Oct 1905. KR 203
#89Psilocybe udaLynn Woods, Oct 1905, Mr. Webster. KR 205
#101Cantharellus FloccosusChocorua, NH, Sept 1907, W. Homes
#102Cantharellus FloccosusChocorua, NH, Sept 1907, W. Homes
#109Cortinarius Armillatusduplicate of #110
#110Cortinarius ArmillatusChocorua, Sept 1908. Mr. Cockayne
#111Cortinarius ArmillatusChocorua, Sept 1908. Mr. Cockayne
#112Hydnum CoralloidesChocorua, Sept 1908. Mr. Cockayne
#113Hydnum CoralloidesChocorua, Sept 1908. Mr. Cockayne
#114Lactaruis DeliciosusChocorua, Sept 1908. Mr. Cockayne
#114Lactarius Deliciosusduplicate
#115Polyporus CaerulaeporusChocorua, Sept 1908. Mr. Cockayne

Box 5:

Negative # Species NameCollecting Notes
Algadescription in image
#9Pholiota sp.Museum Grounds, Cambridge Oct 1901
#12Agaricus Farinaceus(this is the same as the negative note)
#13collybia vecutipesMuseum Grounds, Cambridge Oct 1901--piquet
#14pleurotus serotinusBelmont Oct 1901
#16Hygrophorus ventricosusOct 1901--Mr. Webster
#20Armillaria imperialisJ. Vroome, St. Stephens, N.B. Oct 1901
#21Armillaria imperialis Vel. Aff.J. Vroome, St. Stephens, N.B. Oct 1901
#22Armillaria imperialis Vel. Aff.J. Vroome, St. Stephen, N.B. Oct 1901
#23HygrophorusJ. Vroome, St. Stephen, N.B. Nov. 1902
#24not listedJ. Vroome, St. Stephens, N.B. 1902
#25Armillaria imperialis Vel. Aff.J. Vroome, St. Stephen, N.B. 19 Sept 1902
#31CortinariusJ. Vroome, St. Stephens, N.B. 19 Sept 1902
#39Cantharellus AurantiacusSept 1902
#42Clitocybe MulticepsMuseum Grounds, Sept 1902
#43Clitocybe multicepsCambridge, Sept 1902
#44Lachnockdium michenellSharon, Mass. Sept 1902
#63Boletinus CavipesJ. Vroome, St. Stephens, N.B. 20 Oct 1902
#80 and 80*Clandopus nidulansfrom E. F. Atkinson, Ithaca, NY. 29 Oct 1904
#80 and 80*Clandopus nidulansfrom E. F. Atkinson, Ithaca, NY. 29 Oct 1904
#99Amanita Caesarea Egg. Chocoura, N.H. Sept 1907, H. Homes
#100Amanita rubescensChocoura, N.H. Sept 1904, H. Homes

Box 6:

Negative # Species NameCollecting Notes
n/anot listedUnlabeled negative
#69-70Trichocoma BrevipesCambridge, Nov 1903--Taken for Mr. Fessenden
#69-70Trichocoma BrevipesCambridge, Nov 1903--Taken for Mr. Fessenden
#71-72TrichocomaSharon, Mass. Nov 1903--Krieger 133
#71-72TrichocomaSharon, Mass. Nov 1903--Krieger 133
#73Trichocoma near imbricatumSharon, Mass. Nov 1903, Krieger 134
#74-75Hebeloma near M. Mesophaemgreenhouse, Cambridge, Nov 1903--Mr. Crosby and Mr. Fessenden--Krieger 130
#74-75Hebeloma near M. Mesophaemgreenhouse, Cambridge, Nov 1903--Mr. Crosby and Mr. Fessenden--Krieger 130
#74-75Hebeloma near M. Mesophaemgreenhouse, Cambridge, Nov 1903--Mr. Crosby and Mr. Fessenden--Krieger 130
#74-75Hebeloma near M. Mesophaemgreenhouse, Cambridge, Nov 1903--Mr. Crosby and Mr. Fessenden--Krieger 130
#76-77Trichocoma Brevipes(see also 68), Cambridge, Nov 1903--Krieger 129

 

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