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Carroll William Dodge (1895-1988)



Carroll William Dodge (CWD) was born on January 20, 1895 in Danby, Vermont. He attended Burr and Burton Seminaries in Manchester, Vermont prior to beginning classical language studies in 1912 at Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont. CWD earned his A.B. (1915) and M.A. (1916) in classics at Middlebury. However, it was at Middlebury that CWD came under the influence of Edward Angus Burt, and upon completing his Middlebury degrees, CWD followed Burt to Washington University at St. Louis, Missouri. At Washington as a Lachland Fellow, CWD did research on various aspects of plant physiology and biochemistry for his doctorate (1918) under Benjamin M. Duggar. His dissertation was titled: "Tyrosin in the fungi: is chemistry and methods for its study." At the same time, CWD began studying hypogeous fungi and publishing papers with Sanford M. Zeller, a fellow graduate student.

CWD enlisted in and served in the United States Army 1918-1919. In the summer of 1919, CWD was an Associate Chemist in the Bureau of Animal Husbandry, United States Department of Agriculture. In the fall of 1919, he became an Instructor in Botany at Brown University; in 1920, CWD became Olney Assistant Professor of Botany and served as the Head of the Department. In the summer of 1921, CWD was a Visiting Professor at the University of California at Berkeley, and he also was a member of the University of Pennsylvania's expedition to British Columbia, Canada.

In 1921, CWD came to Harvard University as Instructor in Botany; in 1924 he was made Assistant Professor and Curator of the Farlow Library and Herbarium. CWD also served as Secretary of the Division of Biology. While at Farlow from 1924 to 1931, CWD oversaw the move to 20 Divinity Avenue (Farlow's library was brought from Quincy Street and the collections were brought from the Botanical Museum) and doubled the herbarium collections by purchase and collection. Some of his collections came from expeditions to the Gaspe Peninsula, Canada (1923) and parts of Latin America, where he spent nine months in Costa Rica (1929-1930).

While at Harvard, CWD took a course in Russian and subsequently met the daughter of his Russian professor. The daughter, Bertha Sanford Wiener, and CWD were married in 1925. They became the parents of two daughters, Anne Caroline Dodge Hooper, M.D., and Mary Lavina Dodge Cobb.

It was also during the mid-1920's that CWD began reading about fungal diseases of humans, and his medical mycology course was the first offered in America. In 1929-1930, CWD went to study tropical mycoses in Costa Rica on a Guggenheim Fellowship. This interest led to the publication of a major book, Medical Mycology (1935).

CWD received a second Guggenheim Fellowship for studies in Europe, and after his return in 1931, he became Professor of Botany at Washington University and Mycologist at the Missouri Botanical Garden. CWD held both positions until his mandatory retirement in 1963. He then became Research Professor at the University of Vermont, Burlington.

It was during his years in St. Louis that medical mycology and lichenology became CWD's major research interests. He taught and visited in Latin America in Panama (1934-1935); Costa Rica (1936); Guatemala (1940-1942); Chile (1950, 1960); and Brazil (1959). He taught medical mycology and lichenology at the Universidad Nacional de Chile, and at the Instituto de Micologia and Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Recife in Brazil.

CWD's lichenological studies were mainly taxonomic and floristic dealing with exotic floras. He became the American authority on tropical and Antarctic lichens, studying all the early significant Antarctic lichen collections. His studies of the Antarctic lichen flora were supported in the 1950-1960's by grants from the National Science Foundation. In 1961, he made a trip to the Antarctic and in 1973, he published a book on its lichen flora, Lichen Flora of the Antarctic Continent and Adjacent Islands.

The list of CWD's organizational affiliations includes: American Association for the Advancement of Science, the New England Botanical Club, the Botanical Society of America (chairman of mycology, 1920's), the British Mycological Society, the Mycological Society of America (charter member?), the American Microscopical Society (vice-president, 1938), and the American Phytopathological Society. He also served on the editorial boards of Botanical Abstracts, Biological Abstracts, and Rhodora.

In 1931, CWD was head of the International Association of Plant Taxonomists Section on Lichens and in 1950, he was Vice-President for Medical Mycology of the Rio de Janeiro International Congress of Microbiology.

His honors include: election to Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, and Gamma Alpha (National Councilor, 1923-1928; National Secretary, 1927); doctorates by the Universidad Nacional de Guatemala (1942) and the Universidad Nacional de Chile (1950); perpetual honorary member of the Societe Linneenne de Lyon, and the American Microscopical Society (and Centennial Award, 1978). He received the medal of the Society of Medical Mycologists of the Americas in 1976.

In addition to two monographs, CWD was the author of over seventy scholarly articles dating from 1918 to 1982.

CWD died in Vermont in 1988.


"Carroll William Dodge, 1895-1988" by Emanuel D. Rudolph in Mycologia, 82(2), 1990, pp. 160-164.

Provenance: This collection was donated by Carroll William and Bertha Sanford Dodge and Gladys Elizabeth Baker.

Access: This collection is partially restricted. For further information, please consult the Botany Librarian.

Copyright: Permission to publish from this collection should be discussed with the Botany Librarian.

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