Contact Us | Harvard University Herbaria | HOLLIS

Library Collections | Library Hours | Archives Policies | Material Duplication Information | Digital Resources

 

Humulus lupulus L. or Hops
A Selection of Images from the Botany Libraries' Collections

               

 

Humulus lupulus L.
Cannabinaceae
Common hops

Information from James A. Duke. 1983. Handbook of Energy Crops

Description
Humulus lupulus L. is a perennial herbaceous vine with horizontal and vertical roots. The horizontal roots spread out at depth of 20 to 30 cm and give rise to fibrous roots in the upper layers of soil. The vertical roots develop downward to a depth of 152 cm with a spread of 183 to 244 cm and no fibrous roots.

The stems are annual, slender, climbing, up to 9 m in length, often with stout hooked hairs. The leaves are opposite, cordate, 3 to 5 lobed, margins serrate, petioles slightly fleshy with stout hooked hairs.

The plants are dioecious with unisexual flowers on separate plants, but occasionally monoecious plants occur, in which case male or female flowers are often infertile. Humulus lupulus L. is wind-pollinated. The female inflorescence are cone-like, 2.5 to 5 cm long and the male flowers form in long racemes.

 

Distribution & Ecology
The plants are native to Europe and western Asia and currently cultivated in North and South America, Africa, Asia and Australia and have become naturalized in many areas. Hops are quite hardy if other growing conditions are good and can live for 10-20 years. When dormant, they withstand freezing, however, a severe frost will kill young, tender vines in spring.

Hops range from Boreal Wet through Subtropical Dry Forest Life Zones and are reported to tolerate annual precipitation of 3.1 to 13.7 cm (mean of 34 cases = 7.4) and annual temperature of 5.6 to 21.3 degrees C. They are suitable for temperate climates between latitudes 35 to 51N and 34 to 43S, with mean summer temperatures of 16 to 18 degrees C.

 

1576
Images reproduced from the pamphlet:
Scot, Reginald, 1538?-1599.
A Perfite Platforme of a Hoppe Garden : and necessarie instructions for the making and mayntenaunce thereof, with notes and rules for reformation of all abuses,
commonly practised therein, very necessarie and expedient for all men to haue, which in any wise haue to doe with hops.
Imprinted at London : By Henrie Denham, dwelling in Pater noster Rovve, at the signe of the Starre, 1576.
Houghton Library STC 21867 [1578 edition]

Reproduced in:
Bickerdyke, John, 1858-1933.
The curiosities of ale & beer : an entertaining history
London : Spring Books, 1965.
Botany Economic Botany TP577 .B35x 1965

 

 

Selected Books on Hops or Humulus lupulus L.
click on image for larger version of title page and hops plate(s).

 

1491
Source
Hortus Sanitatis.
Ortus sanitatis. De herbis et plantis. De animalibus et reptilibus. De avibus et volatilibus. De piscibus et natatilibus...
[Mainz: Jacob Meydenbach, 23 June 1491]

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Oversize Ka Or8f 1491
Botany Gray Herbarium Pre Linn Folio O

 

1509
Source
[Herbarius] Incipit Tractatus de virtutibus herbarum.
[Venetiis, Impressum per J. Rubeum & Bernardiu fratres Vercellenses, 1509]

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Ka H41 1509

 

1542
Source
Fuchs, Leonhart, 1501-1566.
De Historia Stirpium Commentarii Insignes
Basileae : In officina Isingriniana, 1542.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Oversize Ka F95h 1542
Botany Gray Herbarium Oversize Ka F95h 1542
Botany Economic Botany Rare Book 17F

 

1586
Source
Tusser, Thomas
Hundreth Pointes of Good Husbandrie
At London : Printed in the now dwelling house of Henrie Denham in Aldersgate street at the signe of the Starre, [1586].

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Ka T87 f 1586

 

1600
Source
Mattioli, Pietro Andrea, 1500-1577.
Kreutterbuch desz Hochgelehrten und Weitberuhmten Herrn D. Petri Andreae Matthioli...

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Oversize Ka M43.3cg 1600

 

1654
Source
The Country-mans Recreation, or, The art of Planting, Graffing, and Gardening in three books : the first declaring divers waies of planting, and graffing, and the best times of year ... the second theateth of the hop-garden, with necessary instructions for the making and the maintenance thereof ... with some directions for tabaco : whereunto is added, The expert gardener, containing divers necessary and rare secrets belonging to that art ... : hereunto is likewise added The art of angling.
London : Printed by T. Mabb for William Shears ..., c1654.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Ka M37 co 1654

 

1759
Source
Kniphof, Johann Hieronymus, 1704-1763.
Botanica in Originali, seu Herbarium Vivum, in quo plantarum tam indigenarum quam exoticarum peculiari quadam operosaque enchiresi atramento impressorio obductarum nominibusqve suis ad methodum illustrivm nostri aevi botanicorum Linnaei et Ludwigii insignitarum elegantissima ectypa exhibentur / opera et studio Ioannis Godofredi Trampe, typographi halensis. Centvr. I [-XII].
Halae Magdeburgicae : apud Joannis Godofredi Trampe, 1758-1764.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Fol. 5 K74
Botany Economic Botany Fol. 5 K74

 

1788
Source
Hoppe, David Heinrich, 1760-1846.
Ectypa Plantarum Ratisbonensium : oder, Abdrucke Derjenigen Pflanzen, welche um Regensburg wild wachsen
Regensburg : Verfertiget und verlegt von Johann Mayr ... und gedruckt mit Zeitlerischen Schriften, 1787-1793.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Gray Herbarium Fol. 3 H77

 

1790
Source
Zorn, Johannes, 1739-1799.
Icones Plantarum Medicinalium.
Nurnberg : auf Kosten der RaspischenBuchhandlung, 1779-1790.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Gray Herbarium P Z7
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) P Z7

 

1797
Source
Sowerby, James, 1757-1822.
English Botany; or, Coloured Figures of British Plants, with their essential characters, synonyms, and places of growth. To which will be added, occasional remarks.
London, Printed for the author by J. Davis [etc], 1790-1814.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arboretum Jamaica Plain FL 42 So9
Botany Farlow Library RARE BOOK QK306 .S7313 1790x
Botany Gray Herbarium QK306 .S69 1790x

 

1800
Source
Oskamp, D. L.
Afbeeldingen der Artsenygewassen met Derzelvernederduitsche en Latynschebeschryvingen.
Amsterdam. 1796-1800.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Gray/Arnold P Os4

 

1807
Source
Kops, Jan, 1765-1849.
Flora Batava / Afgebeeld door en van Wegens J. C. Sepp etc.
Amsterdam : J. C. Sepp en zoon, [1800]-1934.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) QK317 .K8
Botany Farlow Library QK317 .K83f

 

1807
Source
Palmstruchoch, J.W.
Svensk botanik
Stockholm : Carl Delen, 1802-1843.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arboretum FL 48.5 P18s
Botany Gray Herbarium QK327 .P35 1802x

 

1808
Source
Schkuhr, Christian, 1741-1811.
Botanisches Handbuch der Mehrestentheils in Deutschland Wildwachsenden :theils Auslandischen in Deutschland unter Freyem Himmel Ausdauernden Gewachse
Leipzig : Bey Gerhard Fleischer dem Jungern, 1808.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) QK314 .S35 1808x
Botany Gray Herbarium QK314 .S35 1808x

 

1809
Source
Roques, Joseph, 1772-1850.
Plantesusuelles, Indigenesetexotiques, Dessinees et Colorieesd' Apres Nature, avec la Description de Leurs Caracteres Distinctifs...
Paris: Chez l'auteur et chez Madame Veuve Hocquart, 1809.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) P R68
Botany Gray Herbarium FL 44 R68
Botany Econ.Botany Rare Book 90 Roques.

 

1812
Source
Vigneux, A.
Flore Pittoresque des Environs de Paris
Paris: Migneret, 1812.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) FL 44 V68
Botany Gray Herbarium FL 44 V68

 

1817
Source
Chaumeton, Francois Pierre, 1775-1819.
Flore Medicale
Paris: C.L.F. Panckoucke, editeur du Dictionaire des Sciences Medicales, 1814-1820.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) P C39.1
Botany Gray Herbarium FL 44 R68
Botany Economic Botany Rare Book 51.6 Chaumeton

 

1821
Source
Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879.
American Medical Botany : being a collection of the native medicinal plants of the United States, containing their botanical history and chemical analysis, and properties and uses in medicine, diet and the arts, with coloured engravings ...
Boston : Published by Cummings and Hilliard; [Cambridge] University Press, Hilliard and Metcalf, 1817-21

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Pac B48a
Botany Arboretum (Jamaica Plain) P B48
Botany Gray Herbarium Pa B48a
Botany Economic Botany QK99 .B47 1817

 

1822
Source
Hayne, Friedrich Gottlob.
Darstellung und Beschreibung der in der Arzney Kunde Gebrauchlichen Gewachse...
Berlin, Auf kosten des Verfassers, 1805-[46].

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) P H33
Botany Gray Herbarium P H33d 1819
Botany Economic Botany 51

 

1828
Source
Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840
Medical flora : or, Manual of the medical botany of the United States of North America. Containing a selection of above 100 figures and descriptions of medical plants, with their names, qualities, properties, history, &c.
Philadelphia : Atkinson & Alexander, 1828-1830.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) W R12
Botany Farlow Library R138 Library has v.1 only.
Botany Gray Herbarium W R12 med
Botany Economic Botany Rare Book 51.2 Rafinesque

 

1832
Source
Woodville, William, 1752-1805.
Medical Botany.
London, 1832

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Gray Herbarium P W86 1832 3

 

1833
Source
Schlechtendal, D. F. L. von (Diedrich Franz Leonhard von), 1794-1866.
Abbildung und Beschreibungaller in der Pharmacopae Aborussicaauf gefuhrten Gewachse; Herausgegeben von Friedrich Guimpel.
Berlin, 1830-37.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) P Sch3 49101,2,3e

 

1834
Source
Stephenson, John, 1790-1864.
Medical botany, or, Illustrations and descriptions of the medicinal plants of the London, Edinburgh, and Dublin pharmacopoeias : comprising a popular and scientific account of poisonous vegetables indigenous to Great Britain.
London : Printed for J. Churchill, 1834-36.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Gray Herbarium P St4c 1834

 

1836
Source
Zenker, Jonathan Carl, 1799-1837.
Flora von Thuringen und der Angrenzenden Provinzen
Jena : Expedition der Thuringischen Flora, 1836-1845.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) QK314 .Z46 1836x

 

1840
Source
Baxter, W. (William), d. 1871.
British Phaenogamous Botany, or, Figures and descriptions of the genera of British flowering plants
Published by the author ; London : Sold by J.H. Parker and by Whittaker, Treacher, and Co. ... , 1834-43.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Gray Herbarium QK306 .B35
Botany Arboretum (Jamaica Plain) FL 42 B337b

 

1847
Source
Deakin, Richard, 1809-1873.
Florigraphia Britannica : or, engravings and descriptions of the flowering plants and ferns of Britain.
London : R. Groombridge [et al.], 1841-1848.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) QK306 .D27

 

1848
Source
Strong, A. B. (Asa B.).
The American Flora, or history of plants and wild flowers containing a systematic and general description, natural history, chemical and medical properties of over six thousand plants.
New York. 1848-1850.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Gray Herbarium Pac St8a
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Fl 73 St8

 

1849
Source
Petermann, Wilhelm Ludwig, 1806-1855.
Deutschlands Flora; mit Abbildungen Sammtlicher Gattungen.
Leipzig. 1849.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Fl 43 P44 D

 

1886
Source
Thome, Otto W. (Otto Wilhelm), 1840-
Prof. Dr. Thome's Flora von Deutschland, Osterreich und der Schweiz in wort und Bild fur Schule und Haus.
Gera Untermhaus : E. Kohler, 1886-89.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Gray Herbarium QK314 .T46 1886x
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) FL 43 T36 L

 

1893
Source
Schimpfky, Richard.
Unsere Heilpflanzen in Bild und Wort fur jedermann. : Ihr Nutzen und ihre Anwendung in Haus und Familie.
Berlin-Lichterfelde H. Bermuhler Verlag.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Economic Botany 51.6

 

1895
Source
Yuyo shokubutsu zusetsu. English. Selections.
Useful plants of Japan : described and illustrated.
Tokyo : Agricultural Society of Japan, 1895.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Gray Herbarium Fl 52 T15u 1895
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) Fl 52 T15u 1895
Botany Economic Botany 92.6

 

1902
Source
Hulme, F. Edward (Frederick Edward), 1841-1909.
Wild fruits of the country-side.
London : Hutchinson, 1902.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Economic Botany 64

 

1905
Source
Sturm, Jacob, 1771-1848.
J. Sturms Flora von Deutschland in Abbildungen nach der Natur.
Stuttgart : K. G. Lutz, 1900-1907.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) QK314 .S78 1900x

 

1907
Source
Iinuma, Yokusai.
Somoku-Dzusetsu : or, an iconography of plants indigenous to cultivated in, or introduced into Nippon (Japan)
Tokyo :Seibido 1907-1912.

Collections & Call Numbers
Botany Arnold (Cambridge) FL 52 Ii6 1907

 

Please contact the Botany Libraries staff if you would like to make an appointment to view the collections or have any questions or comments.

 

Botany Libraries Archives * Botany Libraries Home Page * Harvard University Herbaria

Send comments, corrections, or updates to: ldecesare@oeb.harvard.edu
Last updated September 2011
Copyright 2010 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College

HUH | Arnold Arboretum | OEB | CBHL