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Botanical Teaching Posters Collection

               
Wallcharts from Botany Libraries and Archives

 

Educational wallcharts were designed for classroom use in the early 1800's. They were first made in small format and depicted simple scenes and objects for primary school teaching. Around 1870 wallcharts were produced and sold in large quantities not only for primary schools but also for higher education. Several factors contributed to the use of wallcharts. Lithography was invented in the late 1700's and made possible the production of large color prints at a reasonable price. In the nineteenth century in Germany the educational system underwent major reform. In 1852 the average schoolteacher had 136 students in their classroom. It was difficult to pass engravings around a classroom and almost impossible to show students the view through a microscope. Large wall images could be viewed from almost every corner of the classroom and became popular with instructors. Botanische Wandtafeln, or, Botanical Wallcharts, show anatomical and morphological details of plants. The Botany Libraries and Archives own several incomplete sets of Botanische Wandtafeln, among them charts by Leopold Kny, Alios Pokorny, Engleder, Hartinger and Schlitzberger.

Please contact the Archivist if you would like to make an appointment to view the wallcharts, or have any questions or comments.

References

Bucchi, Massimiano. (1998) Images of Science in the Classroom: Wallcharts and Science Education 1850-1920. The British Journal for the History of Science, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 161-184.

Schmid, Rudolph. (1990) Wall Charts (Wandtafeln) - Remembrance of Things Past. Taxon, Vol. 39, pp. 471-472.

 

       
Leopold Kny Wallcharts: Tafel XXXI, Tafel XXXVI, Tafel XLV
Farlow Library of Cryptogamic Botany

 

Kny Wallcharts:

Botanische Wandtafeln Sign
Tafel IX: Saccharum officinarum
Tafel XXXI: Rivularia bullata
Tafel XXXVI: Pelvetia canaliculata
Tafel XLV: Botrydium granulatum
Tafel XLVI: Botrydium granulatum
Tafel XLVII: Botrydium granulatum
Tafel XLVIII: Botrydium granulatum
Tafel LI: Pinus silvestris
Tafel LXIII: Sphaeroplea annulina
Tafel LXIV: Sphaeroplea annulina
Tafel LXV: Sphaeroplea annulina
Tafel LXXXVII: Delegates alata
Tafel XXX: Dracaena Draco
Tafel LXXXVI: Marchantia polymorpha
Tafel LXXXIX: Marchantia polymorpha

 

       
Cryptogamic Wallcharts: R. Deutsch's tafel essbarer pilze, Unsere verbreiteten giftigen pilze
Farlow Library of Cryptogamic Botany

 

Cryptogamic Wall Charts:

1. Raschke, Tafel giftiger und verdächtiger Pilze. [1 wall chart: color lithograph; 84 x 57 cm. (unfolded)] HOLLIS RECORD
2 & 3. Deutsch, R. Deutsch's tafel essbarer pilze. [Library holds two copies] [1 wall chart: color illustration; 59 cm. x 84 cm. (23 x 15 cm., folded)] HOLLIS RECORD
4. Raschke, Tafel essbarer Pilze. [1 wall chart: color lithograph; 91 x 32 cm.] HOLLIS RECORD
5. Grosjean, Les champignons vénéneux de France et d'Europe: a l'école primaire & dans la famille: en six leçons [Chart is broken in two pieces] [1 wall chart (color; 44 x 60 cm.)] HOLLIS RECORD
6. Schlitzberger, Unsere verbreiteten giftigen pilze: naturgetreu nach ihren Entwicklungstufen 18 fein kolorirten Gruppenbildern nebst Artbeschreibung und Anleitung zur Pilzkenntnis in chemischer und toxikologischer Hinsicht [colored chart 62 x 83 cm.] HOLLIS RECORD
7. Schlitzberger, Unsere häufigeren essbaren Pilze in 23 naturgetreuen und feinkolorierten Abbildungen: nebst kurzer Beschreibung und Anleitung zum Einsammeln und zur Zubereitung [colored chart 62 x 83 cm.] HOLLIS RECORD
8. Schlitzberger, Unsere häufiger vorkommenden essbaren Pilze: im Auftrage Königlicher Regierung nach der Natur [chart: colored; 62 x 85 cm.] HOLLIS RECORD
9. Mazimann, Les champignons qui font mourir. [colored illustration; 81 x 67 cm.] HOLLIS RECORD
10. Våra Svampar och deras användning i hushället [1 colored chart] HOLLIS RECORD
11. Murrill, Edible and poisonous mushrooms [1 wall chart (colored ; 95 x 74 cm.)] HOLLIS RECORD

 

       
Kaffeebaum (Coffe arabica L.), Zuckerrohr (Saccharum officinarum L.), Kakaobaum (Theobroma cacao L.)

 

Auslandische Kulturpflanzen in Farbigen Wandtafeln
German Botanical Teaching Posters
from the Economic Botany Archives of Oakes Ames

Box 1 holds Abteilung I. Tafel 1 - 22 through Abteilung II. Tafel 1-17. Box 2 holds Abteilung II. Tafel 18-24 through Abteilung III. Tafel 1-22. The archives has a set of reproductions made in color, which are available to view in smaller format of most, but not all, wallcharts in this collection. Please ask the archivist for more information.

I. Abteilung
Tafel 1 Krautige Baumwolle (Gossypium herbaceum Linne)
Tafel 2 Virginischer Tabak (Nicotiana Tabacum Linne)
Tafel 3 Kaffeebaum (Coffe arabica Linne)
Tafel 4 Theestrauch (Thea chinensis Linne)
Tafel 5 Kakaobaum (Theobroma cacao Linne)
Tafel 6 Zuckerrohr (Saccharum officinarum Linne)
Tafel 7 Gemeiner Mandelbaum (Prunus amygdalus Stokes)
Tafel 8 Limone oder Citrone (Citrus limonum Risso)
Tafel 9 Vanille (Vanilla planifolia Andrews)
Tafel 10 Ceylon-Zimtbaum (Cinnamomum ceylanicum Breyn)
Tafel 11 Schwarzer Pfeffer (Piper nigrum Linne)
Tafel 12 Nelkenpfeffer (Pimenta officinalis Berg)
Tafel 13 Gewurznelkenbaum (Jambosa Caryophyllus Nidenzu)
Tafel 14 Echter Ingwer (Zingiber officinale Roscoe)
Tafel 15 Echter Muskatnussbaum (Myristica fragrans Houttuyn)
Tafel 16 Edler Lorber (Laurus nobilis Linne)
Tafel 17 Fieberrindenbaum (Cinchona Calisaya, var. Josephiana Weddell)
Tafel 18 1. Mais (Zea Mays Linne) 2. Reis (Oryza sativa Linne)
Tafel 19 Maniok-oder Cassavestrauch (Maninot esculenta Pohl)
Tafel 20 Guyana-Kautschukbaum (Heva guyanensis Aublet)
Tafel 21 Schonbluhende Kautschukliane (Landolphia comorensis, var. florida K. Schumann)
Tafel 22 Gultaperchabaum (Palaquium Gutta Burck)
Tafel 23 *Not in collection

 

       
Gummi-Akazie (Acacia senegal Willdenow), Weinrebe (Vitis vinifera L.), Kakaobaum Brechnussbaum (Strychnos nux vomica L.)

 

II. Abteilung
Tafel 1 Eingerollte Farnpalme (Cycas circinalis Linne)
Tafel 2 Dattelpalme (Phoenix dactylifera Linne)
Tafel 3 Drachenblutrotang (Calamus Draco Willdenow)
Tafel 4 Kokospalme (Cocos nucifera Linne)
Tafel 5 Wohlriechender Schraubenbaum (Pandanus odoratissimus Linne)
Tafel 6 Bambusrohr (Bambusa Schreber)
Tafel 7 Ananas (Ananas sativas Schult)
Tafel 8 Neuseelandischer Flachs (Phormium tenax Forster) Amerikanische Agave (Agave americana Linne)
Tafel 9 Angebauter Yams (Dioscorea sativa Linne) has water damage
Tafel 10 Krokus (Crocus sativus Linne) Kappernstrauch (Cappans spinosa Linne)
Tafel 11 Echte Banane (Musa paradisiaca [sapientum is written in pencil above paradisiaca] Linne)
Tafel 12 Arrowrootpflanze (Maranta arundinacea Linne)
Tafel 13 Gemeiner Walnussbaum (Juglans regia L)
Tafel 14 Gewohnlicher Feigenbaum (Ficus carica Linne)
Tafel 15 Schlitzblatteriger Brotfruchtbaum (Artocarpus incisa [altilis is written in pencil above incisa] Forst)
Tafel 16 Edelkastanie (Castanea vulgaris [dentata is written in pencil above vulgaris] Lamarck)
Tafel 17 Kork Eiche (Quercus Suber Linne)
Tafel 18 Ramiepflanze (Boehmeria tenacissima Roxb)
Tafel 19 Indigopflanze (Indigofera tinctoria Linne)
Tafel 20 Gummi-Akazie (Acacia Senegal Willdenow)
Tafel 21 Weinrebe (Vitis vinifera Linne)
Tafel 22 Olbaum (Olea europaea Linne)
Tafel 23 Batae Ipomoea Batatas Lamarck
Tafel 24 Brechnussbaum (Strychnos nux vomica Linne)

 

       
Afrikanische Olpalme (Elaeis guineensis L.), Erdnuss (Arachis hypogaea L.), Indischer Mangobaum (Mangifera indica L.)

 

III. Abteilung
Tafel 1 Mohrenhirse (Andropogon Sorghum Brotero, var. Durrha)
Tafel 2 Erdmandel (Cyperus esculentus L.) Negerhirse (Pennisetum typhoideum Rich.)
Tafel 3 Afrikanische Olpalme (Elaeis guineensis Linne)
Tafel 4 Kleinfruchtige Elfenbeinpalme (Phytelephas microcarpa Ruiz et Pavon)
Tafel 5 Kleinfruchtige Elfenbeinpalme Phytelephas microcarpa Ruiz et Pavon
Tafel 6 Malabar Cardamome (Elettaria Cardamomum White et Maton)
Tafel 7 Kampferbaum (Cinnamomum Camphora Nees et Eberm.)
Tafel 8 Amerikanischer Kopalbaum, Lokustbaum (Hymenaea Courbaril L.)
Tafel 9 Kampecheholzbaum (Haematoxylon campecheanum Linne)
Tafel 10 Kretischer Tragantstrauch (Astragalus creticus Lamarck)
Tafel 11 Erdnuss (Arachis hypogaea Linne)
Tafel 12 Indischer Mangobaum (Mangifera indica L.)
Tafel 13 Mate- Pflanze, Paraguay- Theestrauch
Tafel 14 Affenbrotbaum (Adansonia digitata L.)
Tafel 15 Kola-Baum (Cola acuminata R. Brown)
Tafel 16 Echter Gummiguttbaum (Garcinia Hanburyi Hooker L.)
Tafel 17 Melonenbaum (Carica Papaya Linne)
Tafel 18 Afrikanischer Butterbaum (Butyrospermum Parkii Kotschy) Mahwabaum (Illipe latifolia Engler)
Tafel 19 Ebenholzbaum (Diospros Dalechamps)
Tafel 20 Schonbluhende Kautschukliane (Landolphia comorensis, var. florida K. Schumann)
Tafel 21 *Not in collection
Tafel 22 Indischer Sesam (Sesamum indicum Linne) Weisser Sesam (Sesamum orientale Linne)

 

   
Wort und Bild dargestellt by S. Schlitzberger: VI Series, Tafel 1 (The Oak), Tafel 2 (The Hazelnut)

Wallcharts by S. Schlitzberger

Die Kulturgewächse der Heimat, VI Series, Tafel 1 (The Oak)
Die Kulturgewächse der Heimat, VI Series, Tafel 2 (The Hazelnut)
The Library of the Arnold Arboretum

HOLLIS RECORD

 

       
Pokorny Wallcharts: Flax, Daphne, Crowfoot

Pokorny, Hartinger and Engelder Wallcharts
Economic Botany Archives of Oakes Ames

Alios Pokorny was an Austian botanist who lived from 1826 to 1886. The Botany Libraries and Archives own incomplete sets of botanical wallcharts from Pokorny, Engleder and Hartinger.

Folder 1

Pokorny Wallcharts:
1. Flax Linum - 30.5 x 23
2. Orange Lily - 30.5 x 22
3. Norway Maple - 30.5 x 22
4. Thorn Apple - 30.5 x 22.75
5. Belladonna - 30.5 x 22.75
6. Fox Glove - 30.5 x 23
7. Garden Poppy - 30.5 x 22.5
8. Crowfoot - 30.5 x 23
9. Hazelnut - 30.5 x 23.75
10. Bean - 30.5 x 22.75
11. Hop - 30.5 x 22.5
12. Daphne 30.5 x 23
13. Tobacco 30.5 x 23
14. European Olive - 30.5 x 23
15. Wood Strawberry - 30.5 x 23
16. NO LABEL [Color illustration of Onion?]
17. Herb Paris - 30 x 23
18. Vine - 30 x 23

Folder 2

Pokorny Wallcharts:
1. Cotton Plant - 30.5 x 23
2. Coffee Tree - 30 x 23
3. Apple Tree - 30 x 22.75
4. Flower of the Beet - 36 x 23
5. Potato - 36 x 23.5
6. Rape - 36 x 23.5
7. Rye - 36 x 23.5
8. Barley - 36 x 23.5
9. Wheat - 36 x 23.5
10. Oats - 36 x 23
11. Water Hemlock - 36 x 23.5
12. Spotted Hemlock - 36 x 23
13. Sweet Turnip - 30 1/2 x 23
14. Hog's Bean - 30 1/2 x 23

       

Hartinger Wallcharts: Tafel XIII, Tafel IX
Economic Botany Archives of Oakes Ames

15. Hartinger Chart Botanik Tafel IX:
Fig. 1 - Vergissmeinnicht
Fig. 2 - Heidelbeere
Fig. 3 - Preibelbeere
Fig. 4 - Sonnenblume
Fig. 5 - Fruhlings - Schlusselblume
Fig. 6 - Rother Fingerhut

16. Hartinger Chart Botanik Tafel XI
Fig. 1 - Ganseblumchen
Fig. 2 - Majoran
Fig. 3 - Salbei
Fig. 4 - Echter Lavendel
Fig. 5 - Kaffeebaum
Fig. 6 - Flieder
Fig. 7 - Schwarzer Holunder

17. Hartinger Chart Botanik Tafel XIII
Fig. 1 - Meadow Saffron
Fig. 2 - Hops
Fig. 3 - Common daphne
Fig. 4 - Onion
Fig. 5 - Vanilla
Fig. 6 - Garlic

Engleder Botanical Charts:
18. Common Beet (Beta Vulgaris var. Rapacea)
19. Upland Cotton
20. Tilia ulmifolia
21. Buckwheat

 

       
Engleders Wandtafeln: Tilia ulmifolia, Buckwheat, Upland Cotton
Economic Botany Archives of Oakes Ames

 

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Last updated September 2011
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